Colonel William Anderson of Virginia

Colonel William Anderson1 was born in 1693 in , , Scotland2 and died before 9 Aprrose_thistle 1796 in Anderson’s Bottom, Hampshire, Virginia.3

Death Notes:

Name: William ANDERSON

Cemetery: His estate Location: Anderson Bottom, Hampshire Co WV 42

Reference: Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, Vol.1, p. Serial: 10675; Volume: 7

General Notes: William Anderson, (Col.) of Scotland, an adherent of Prince James, son of James II; after the insurrection of 1715; fled in disguise to Virginia, and settled on the North Branch of the Potomac River in (now) Hampshire Co., West Virginia in a beautiful valley known to this day as the "Anderson Bottom".

Colonel William Anderson was born in Scotland in 1693; died in Hampshire Co., Virginia in 1797 aged 104 years. He married in Hampshire Co., 1732, Rachel, who was born in Scotland.

Col. William Anderson and his son "Thomas" joined Braddock’s forces at Cumberland and served during the western campaign. Col. William, so it is stated, always wore Scots dress.

William Anderson was found as a Private listed in Captain William Preston’s Company of Rangers from 8 Jun 1757 – 4 May 1759 as authorized by an Act of the House of Burgesses.

He owned in 1738, and prior thereto, several plantations in the Conegochiege manor, in Prince Georges’s County, Maryland, one of which called Anderson’s Delight, he sold to Dr. George Stewart of the city of Annapolis in 1739.

He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

From the book: Life and Letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson and Wife:

"William Anderson of Scotland, descended from a family of considerable prominence, born in the Highlands in 1693, implicated in the rising of 1715 in behalf of the Pretender, Prince James, son of James II, fled in disguise, after the cruel suppression of this incipient rebellion, through England to Virginia, where British loyalists of his views ever found a warm welcome."

Marion, Ohio, Oct. 26, 1886.

Mr. J. H. Anderson, Columbus, Ohio.

My Dear Nephew:–

I now undertake to give you some account of my ancestors. My Great-grandfather, William Anderson, was born in Scotland, in the year 1693 and died in Virginia in 1797. He was a friend of the Stuart dynasty, and joined the standard of Prince James, the Pretender, (as he was styled by some) son of James II, the deposed King of England.

After the rising in 1715, he fled into England where he tarried awhile, and then made his way in disguise, I am told, to Virginia, where he had relatives. He went up the Potomac river till he came to a fertile lowlands.

Next, I give and bequeath unto my five Daughters, Namely, Nancy, Rachel, Sarah, Catherine and Hannah, Each One Shilling Sterling. And Lastly, I Constitute Ordain make and appoint My Only Son Thomas Anderson my Sole Executor of this my Last Will and Testament all and Singular my Lands, Messuages and Tenements by him to be possessed and any (?–indecipherable lines) before to me (?–indecipherable) –Revoke and Disannull all and every other (?f—-) and Bequests whatsoever by me in any Ways before bequeathed, Ratifying and Confirming this and no other to be my Last Will and Testament in Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal the day and Year before written—(?__illegible)

(signed by mark) William X Anderson

(—-)

declared by the Testator and for his last Will and Testament, in the

presence of us, who, at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other have Subscribed our Names

as Witnesses thereto–

Evan Gwynnes

Henry Hains

Arthur (?___) Ohara

Attached document was Recorded and Examined and

(Recorded in) Will Book 1-22; Page 26

At a Court held for Hampshire County the 9th day of April 1796.

This the last Will and Testament of William Anderson deceased was proved by the Oath of Arthur OHarra one of the Witnesses thereto and on the (?Motion) of Thomas Anderson the Executor therein named certificate is granted him for obtaining aprobate thereof in due (?form) he having taken the Oath of (?___ Executor and together with Arthur O’Harra and John House his Securities entered into and Acknowledged a Bond in the penalty of three hundred pounds Conditioned as the Law directs And at a Court held for the said County the 11th day of June (?three weeks) following the said Will was further proved by the Oath of Evan Gwynies another Witness thereto and is ordered to be Recorded

Test–

AudWodrow

Support provided by William Anderson to the Revolutionary War per Publick Claims:

Wm. Anderson for provisions & forage for cattle drivers £1-5-7.

William Anderson 86# flour 8s-7.

This surname, meaning ‘son of Andrew’, is prolific, being common in Lowland areas as well as in the north-east. The reason why this name arises in so many different locations is due to Scotland’s patronymic system and little can be shown to suggest descent from a common ancestor. Thirteenth-century records give the earliest instances of the name and by the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, several burghs were represented in parliament by Andersons. The Furman-Workman MS of 1566 includes arms for Anderson of that ilk, implying that a notable Anderson was recorded as representer of the clan, but identification has never been established. In Privy Council records (James Y 2nd April 1526), one James Anderson of Sterheuch was made Carrick Pursuivant of Arms and in this position at the Court of the Lord Lyon, not to have borne and used arms is hard to reconcile. It has been suggested that he, and Anderson of that Ilk, were one and the same. This James is claimed as ancestor o the Anderson of North family in Strathbogle, yet the present senior line remains unknown. In more recent times their crest of an oak tree Proper with the

motto ‘Stand Sure’, has been tacitly accepted by the Andersons as their clansman’s crest badge. A Clan Anderson Society has been active for some years in North America and St Andrew’s Day. 1993 saw the foundation of The Anderson Association in the United Kingdom.

Letter from Hiram H. Anderson to his nephew, James H. Anderson: "I do no know all the plantations my great-grandfather William Anderson owned, but I know he was vastly rich. He was married twice. His second wife, a Miss Barnett, wa a girl of seventeen, with whom he lived twenty-four years. At the time of his second marriage he was 80 years old. When he died he was 104, and his wife died the following year. I believe he had no children by the second marriage." "My great-great-grandfather William Anderson, acquired the Anderson Bottom plantation in Hampshire county Va., by patent from Thomas, Lord Fairfax. Besides his Maryland real estate, William owned a number of other tracts. William and his (first) wife Rachel, conveyed 100 acres of good land on new Creek, in Hampshire county, to John Baker, Nov. 9, 1772. William and his (second) wife Margaret conved Sept. 17, 1787, to James Malloy, 327 acres of choice land, situate on Gibbons and Crooked runin in said county. Thomas Anderson and Sarah his wife, conveyed Nov. 22, 1802, said 206 acres to Martin Shaffer. Thomas Anderson conveyed April 16, 1802, by deed of gift, 93 acres of the Anderson Bottom to his son James. Thomas Anderson conveyed Feb. 26, 1806, to Daniel Collins, all the Anderson Bottom land except said 93 acres. James Anderson and Priscilla his wife, conveyed February 26, 1806, to Daniel Collins said 93 acres. The deeds of conveyance and of said real estate, except of the Maryland property, are all of record in Romney, Hampshire county, W. Va. William Anderson obtained the most of his Virginia real estate from Lord Fairfax."

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William Anderson of Scotland descended from a family of prominence, born in the Highlands in 1693, implicated in the rising of 1715 in the behalf of the pretender, Prince James, son of James II., fled in disguise, after the cruel suppression of this incipient rebellion, through England to Virginia where British loyalties of his views ever found a warm welcome; it was not long after his arrival in Virginia until he received remittances with which he bought real property in Maryland and Virginia. He owned in 1738 and prior thereto several plantations in the Conegochiege Manor in Prince George’s county, Maryland, one of which, called Anderson’s Delight, he sold to Dr. George Stewart of the city of Annapolis in 1739. It was soon after coming to the country that a rich and beautiful valley, far up the Potomac, on the North Branch, attracted his notice and on it he encamped and built a hunting lodge. This valley has ever since been known as the Anderson Bottom. When Hampshire county, Virginia, was erected, it embraced the Anderson Bottom, which was only five miles from Fort Cumberland, constructed in 1754. William Anderson died on the Anderson Bottom in Hampshire county, Virginia."

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From Electric Scotland

http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/atoc/ander2.html

Anderson

The name Anderson meaning "son of Andrew" although widespread in Scotland is also found in Europe particularly in Scandinavia. In the Highlands the form MacAndrew is more commonly found and this family is thought to be connected with the Clan Anrias, a sept of Clan Ross who were also associated with the Clan Chattan federation from the beginning of the 15th century. In the Kinrara manuscript it is

claimed that the MacAndrews came to Badenoch from Moidart about 1400. The first recording of this name appears on the Ragman Rolls of 1296 when David le fiz Andreu, Burgess of Peebles, and Duncan fiz Andreu of Dumfries were among those to swear allegiance to Edward I. One famous member of the family was John MacAndrew of Dalnahatnich – Iain Beg MacAindrea, Little John MacAndrew, a bowman of note and terror of all who fought against him; the family is, however, more renowned for its members’ intellectual achievements. Aberdeen born Alexander Anderson was acclaimed as a brilliant mathematician in Europe when he published his works on geometry and algebra in Paris between 1612 and 1619. His cousin David Anderson of Finshaugh also had a fine mathematical brain and was known locally as "Davie-do-a’-things"; his best known achievement was to devise a method of removing a large rock which had been blocking the entrance to Aberdeen harbour. The family talent was passed on to a grandson, James Gregory, the inventor of the Reflecting Telescope. A later generation included James Anderson (1739-1808 ); his article on monsoons, for the first edition of the "Encyclopaedia Britannica" predicted, with remarkable accuracy, discoveries made by Captain Cook before he had returned from his expedition to announce them! Prominent Anderson families are Andersons of Dowhill, Wester Ardbreck in Banffshire and Candacraig in Strathdon. Arms were awarded in the 16th century to Anderson of that Ilk, but his family has not yet been identified as the leading family and as a result, the main house is considered to be that of Ardbreck.

ANDERSON or ANDREWSON simply means son of Andrew, and it must be understood that the prevalence of this surname throughout Scotland supposes that Andrew was early adopted as a popular Christian name – probably due to St. Andrew being our patron saint. Consequently, many families of quite differing origins now bear the name. Anderson is also a Lowland rendering of the old Gaelic personal name Gillaindreis (servant/devotee of (St) Andrew), and MacGillandreis is of like origin. The Clan Ross are sometimes called Clann Aindrea (the race of Andrew), and Gillanders, as a surname, is often equated with Ross, being a frequently found amongst the early Ross’, whose descent was from Fearchar Mac-an-t-Sagairt, a Hereditary Abbot of Applecross. Early in the 15th century, another family, the Clan Andrish, natives of Moidart (not far from Applecross), reputedly founded by a Donald MacGillandrish, settled at Connage in Petty, and became embodied into the Confederation of Clan Chattan, under its Mackintosh Chief. In course of time their name was anglicized as MacAndrew. Though the Andersons are sometimes given as a sept of Clan Ross the idea that all are of Highland origin and share a common ancestry is quite absurd. NO clan connection should be assumed without additional evidence and such may be acquired through a compilation of one’s personal ancestry. Many Andersons who trace an ancestry to Islay were once Macillandrais’ who anglicised their name. In its present form the name is common in Aberdeenshire where we find the Andersons of Downhill, and of Candacraig in Strathdon, whereas, in Banffshire, the Andersons of Wester Ardbreck are long established. It should also be remembered that the name is also common outwith our shores, particularly in Scandinavia, and Andersons settled furth of Scotland should look to their ancestry before claiming Scottish descent, far less clan association.

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Agnes (Anderson) Henshaw was a daughter fo William Anderson, a Scotchman of good family, of property, and education. In his native country he stood by the Stuarts, an in 1715 befriended and fought for Prince James. Then he was forced to fly, and after wandering about England for some months, he continued to reach Virginia, where he found many people of his way of being relatives, and a permanent home. Very soon after his arrival in Virginia, he became the owner of a farm that has ever since been known as the "Anderson Bottom". It is on the North Branch of the Potomac in Hampshire County, that was afterward formed, embracing this place. Fort Cumberland, five miles distance, was erected a good many years after Col.William Anderson’s occupation of the bottom.

This region was then for the most part a howling wilderness, and savage Indians were the principal human inhabitants. William Anderson was a soldier by nature, and brave, and in his efforts to protect the infant frontier settlements had many conflicts with the Indians. He and his son Thomas joined Braddock’s forces at Fort Cumberland, on their way to Fort Duquesne, near which they were destined to suffer a disastrous defeat. Col. William Anderson was somewhat eccentric with all his noble qualities. He always wore a Scotch style of dress; and when he died in 1797, at the age of 104, his heavy head of hair was perfectly black, his teeth sound and white and his eyesight as good as ever, so that he read without glasses.[i]

Noted events in his life were:

• He worked as a farmer in , Hampshire, West Virginia.5

• He served in the military as a private in Captain Hugh Stephenson’s Company of Riflemen. from 1775 to 1776 in , , Virginia.6

• He appeared on the census in 1782 in , Hampshire, Virginia.7

William married Rachel Mary Lauren8 about 1731 in Of, , , Scotland.9 Rachel was born about 1697 in , , Scotland10 and died on 19 Nov 1772 in Anderson’s Bottom, Hampshire, Virginia about age 75. They had seven children: Thomas, Rachel, Sarah, Agnes Ann, William, Catherine, and Hannah.

William next married Margaret Barnett11 Cal 1783 in , , Virginia.12 Margaret was born in Of, , , Virginia.


[i]. Olive I. McFarland, "Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson’s Bottom, W. Va." (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 1: William Anderson life story. …. James H. (James House) Anderson, Life and letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson and wife, including a few letters from children and others : mostly written during the civil war; a history (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 1, 2, 17. …. John Anderson, Letter to James H. Anderson (26 Oct 1886). …. Silver Family Association, Silver Family (Online <http://www.silversfamily.org>). …. State of West Virginia, Hampshire County Clerk, William Anderson Will, Hampshire County Wills, Box 1-200, #18 (Made 10 September 1786. Proved 9 Apr 1796. Copy in posession of Lee Drew). …. Janice Luck Abercrombie, Virginia Revolutionary publick [sic] claims (Athens, Ga. : Iberian Pub. Co., c1992. Book #975.5 P28a v. 2), 449, 450. …. Thomas Condit and Hu Maxwell, West Virginia and Its People Vol 2 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1913). …. Biographical Publishing Company, Men of West Virginia (Chicago, Biographical Publishing Company, 1903), 75, 76.

 

Source Citations

1. Marjorie Featheringill Waterfield, Forshay family group sheets : group sheets of the early Forshay family in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Mississippi, and Texas (Bowling Green, Ohio : M. Waterfield, c1990 #929.273 F772w v. 1), 28. …. James H. (James House) Anderson, Life and letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson and wife, including a few letters from children and others : mostly written during the civil war; a history (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 3. …. Silver Family Association, Silver Family (Online <http://www.silversfamily.org>). …. State of West Virginia, Hampshire County Clerk, William Anderson Will, Hampshire County Wills, Box 1-200, #18 (Made 10 September 1786. Proved 9 Apr 1796. Copy in posession of Lee Drew).

2. Olive I. McFarland, "Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson’s Bottom, W. Va." (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 1: William Anderson was born in Scotland. He died in 1797 in Hampshire Co., Virginia aged 104 years. …. John Anderson, Letter to James H. Anderson (26 Oct 1886), William Anderson was born in 1693 in Scotland. …. Violet Laverne Bruce, John Bruce of the Shenandoah : immigrant John Bruce of Frederick County, Virginia and descendants of his five children, Mary, Margaret, James, George, and Anne (Decorah, Iowa : Anundsen Pub. Co., c1987. Book #929.273 B83br).

3. Olive I. McFarland, "Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson’s Bottom, W. Va." (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 1: William Anderson was born in Scotland. He died in 1797 in Hampshire Co., Virginia aged 104. …. James H. (James House) Anderson, Life and letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson and wife, including a few letters from children and others : mostly written during the civil war; a history (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 2: He died on the Anderson Bottom in Hampshire County, Virginia in 1797, at the great age of 104. …. John Anderson, Letter to James H. Anderson (26 Oct 1886), ‘ … died in Virginia in 1797.

4. Olive I. McFarland, "Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson’s Bottom, W. Va." (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 1: William Anderson life story. …. James H. (James House) Anderson, Life and letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson and wife, including a few letters from children and others : mostly written during the civil war; a history (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 1, 2, 17. …. John Anderson, Letter to James H. Anderson (26 Oct 1886). …. Silver Family Association, Silver Family (Online <http://www.silversfamily.org>). …. State of West Virginia, Hampshire County Clerk, William Anderson Will, Hampshire County Wills, Box 1-200, #18 (Made 10 September 1786. Proved 9 Apr 1796. Copy in posession of Lee Drew). …. Janice Luck Abercrombie, Virginia Revolutionary publick [sic] claims (Athens, Ga. : Iberian Pub. Co., c1992. Book #975.5 P28a v. 2), 449, 450. …. Thomas Condit and Hu Maxwell, West Virginia and Its People Vol 2 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1913). …. Biographical Publishing Company, Men of West Virginia (Chicago, Biographical Publishing Company, 1903), 75, 76.

5. State of West Virginia, Hampshire County Clerk, William Anderson Will, Hampshire County Wills, Box 1-200, #18 (Made 10 September 1786. Proved 9 Apr 1796. Copy in posession of Lee Drew).

6. Genealogical Records: Early West Virginia Settlers, The Soldiery of West Virginia, West Virginians Who Were Soldiers & Pensioners in the Revolutionary War. (The Learning Company, CD520, 2002), 53.

7. Virginia Hampshire County, 1782 Virginia State Census (Family Tree Maker CD520), William Anderson.

8. Olive I. McFarland, "Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson’s Bottom, W. Va." (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), William Anderson, married ‘Rachel’. …. Marjorie Featheringill Waterfield, Forshay family

group sheets : group sheets of the early Forshay family in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Mississippi, and Texas (Bowling Green, Ohio : M. Waterfield, c1990 #929.273 F772w v. 1), 28. …. Silver Family Association, Silver Family (Online <http://www.silversfamily.org>). …. Jim and Selma Burrows, The family of Jim and Selma Burrows (Online <http://www.ultranet.com/~selma/Genealogy/index.html>). …. State of West Virginia, Hampshire County Clerk, William Anderson Will, Hampshire County Wills, Box 1-200, #18 (Made 10 September 1786. Proved 9 Apr 1796. Copy in posession of Lee Drew), 129.

9. Jim and Selma Burrows, The family of Jim and Selma Burrows (Online <http://www.ultranet.com/~selma/Genealogy/index.html>).

10. Olive I. McFarland, "Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson’s Bottom, W. Va." (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 1: Rachel, wife of William Anderson was born in Scotland.

11. John Anderson, Letter to James H. Anderson (26 Oct 1886), William’s 2nd wife was named Barnett, whom he married when he was 80. …. James H. (James House) Anderson, Life and letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson and wife, including a few letters from children and others : mostly written during the civil war; a history (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 17. A letter from William’s great-great grandson notes that "William and hsi wife Margaret, conveyed Jul 22, 1797, to Thomas Anderson, 206 acres of choice land on Gibbons and Crooked run in Hampshire Co., Virginia."

12. John Anderson, Letter to James H. Anderson (26 Oct 1886), The name of his second wife was Barnett, to whom he was married at the age of 80.

13.. Olive I. McFarland, "Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson’s Bottom, W. Va." (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 1: William Anderson life story. …. James H. (James House) Anderson, Life and letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson and wife, including a few letters from children and others : mostly written during the civil war; a history (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 1, 2, 17. …. John Anderson, Letter to James H. Anderson (26 Oct 1886). …. Silver Family Association, Silver Family (Online <http://www.silversfamily.org>). …. State of West Virginia, Hampshire County Clerk, William Anderson Will, Hampshire County Wills, Box 1-200, #18 (Made 10 September 1786. Proved 9 Apr 1796. Copy in posession of Lee Drew). …. Janice Luck Abercrombie, Virginia Revolutionary publick [sic] claims (Athens, Ga. : Iberian Pub. Co., c1992. Book #975.5 P28a v. 2), 449, 450. …. Thomas Condit and Hu Maxwell, West Virginia and Its People Vol 2 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1913). …. Biographical Publishing Company, Men of West Virginia (Chicago, Biographical Publishing Company, 1903), 75, 76.

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About Lee Drew

Family history research is a favored avenue of relaxation. It is a Sherlock-like activity that can continue almost anywhere at any time. By leveraging a lifetime involvement in technology, my research efforts have resulted in terabytes of ancestral data, earning me the moniker of Lineagekeeper. And yes - We are all related to Royalty.