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Alfonso Pierre Vii, Raimundez Of Castile-Leon-Glacia

Male 1105 - 1157  (52 years)


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  • Name Alfonso Pierre Vii, Raimundez Of Castile-Leon-Glacia 
    Born 1105  , , Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _UID 1FA49FBFBC0C4EE48D059CD4E7DB154A3E4D 
    Died 21 Aug 1157 
    Notes 
    • Alfonso VII of Castile (March 1, 1104/5 - August 21, 1157), nicknamed the Emperor, was the king of Castile and Leon since 1126, son of Urraca of Castile and Count Raymond of Burgundy.

      Alfonso was a dignified and somewhat enigmatic figure. A vague tradition had always assigned the title of emperor to the sovereign who held Leon. This sovereign was considered the most direct representative of the Visigoth kings, who were themselves the representatives of the Roman empire. But though given in charters, and claimed by Alfonso VI of Castile and Alfonso I of Aragon, the title had been little more than a flourish of rhetoric.

      In November 1128 he married Berenguela of Barcelona, daughter of Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona. She died in 1149; their children were:

      1. Sancho III of Castile (1134-1158)
      2. Ferdinand II of Leon (1137-1188)
      3. Sancha (1137-1179), married Sancho VI of Navarre
      4. Constanza (1141-1160), married Louis VII of France

      Alfonso remarried in 1152 to Richeza of Poland, the daughter of Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland. Their daughter was Sancha (1155-1208), the wife of Alfonso II of Aragon. By his mistress, an Asturian noblewoman named Guntroda, he had an illegitimate daughter, Urraca, who married Garcia IV of Navarre.

      In Leon, Alfonso VII was crowned "Emperor of all Spain" in 1135 after the death of Alfonso I. The weakness of Aragon enabled him to make his superiority effective. He appears to have striven for the formation of a national unity, which Spain had never possessed since the fall of the Visigoth kingdom. The elements he had to deal with could not be welded together.

      Alfonso was at once a patron of the church, and a protector if not a supporter of the Muslims, who formed a large part of his subjects. His reign ended in an unsuccessful campaign against the rising power of the Almohades. Though he was not actually defeated, his death in the pass of Muradel in the Sierra Morena, while on his way back to Toledo, occurred in circumstances which showed that no man could be what he claimed to be -- "king of the men of the two religions."
    Person ID I10433  Stewart
    Last Modified 3 Nov 2008 

    Father Raimund, Count Of Burgundy Galicia,   b. Abt 1065, Of, , Bourgogne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Mar 1107, , , , France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 42 years) 
    Mother Urraca Alfonsez, Queen Of Castile And Leon,   b. 1082, Of, Burgos, Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Mar 1126, , , Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Married 1095  Of, , Bourgogne, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F5723  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Berenguela Raimundo De Barcelona,   b. 1108, Of, Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1148-1149, , Palencia, Leon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Married 1124  , Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Constance Alfonsez, Princess Of Castile,   b. Abt 1133, Of, , Castille, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Oct 1160, , , Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years)
    +2. Sancho III Alfonsez Castile, King Of Castile,   b. 1135, Of, Castilla, Castilla, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1158, , , Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 23 years)
    +3. Ferdinand II Alfonsez Leon,   b. Abt 1137, Of, , Castille, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jan 1188, , , Leon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years)
     4. Beatrice Sancha Castile, Princess Of Castille,   b. Abt 1150, Of, , Castille, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Ferdinand II, King Of Leon,   b. Abt 1127, Of, , , Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1188  (Age ~ 61 years)
    Last Modified 3 Nov 2008 
    Family ID F1842  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Ryksa Richenza Rixa Silesia, Queen Of Castile,   b. Abt 1131, Of, Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1166  (Age ~ 36 years) 
    Married 1152  Of, Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Sancha Alfonsez, Princess Of Castile, Queen Of Aragon,   b. 21 Sep 1154, , , Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Nov 1208, Monasterio, DE Jaen, Jaen, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
     2. Fernando, Prince Of Castile-Leon-Glacia,   b. 1153-1154, Toledo, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 3 Nov 2008 
    Family ID F5714  Group Sheet