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Captain Thomas Anderson[1, 2]

Male 1733 - 1806  (73 years)


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  • Name Captain Thomas Anderson  [3, 4, 5, 6
    Title Captain 
    Born 1733  Anderson's Bottom, Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 8, 9
    Gender Male 
    Census 1782  , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    Virginia State 

    • Thomas Anderson, Township 10.00, Hampshire County, Virginia. 1782 Continental Census, page 27.
    Census 1784  , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    Virginia State 
    Died Oct 1806  , Fairfield, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  [9, 12, 13
    Buried Oct 1806  , Fairfield, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  [13, 14
    Notes 
    • Thomas Anderson took part in the Indian Wars. He accompanied Dunmore's Expedition to Chillicothe. He fought bravely throughout the Revolutionary War and commanded a company at Yorktown under Washington when Cornwallis surrendered.

      He served as a private with Captain John Gillison and Colonel John Greene of the 6th Virginia Regiment per DAR records.

      Thomas moved from Virginia to Fairfield County, Ohio. They arrived in April when Thomas was 73 years of age. He died the following October and is buried in Fairfield County, Ohio.

      Hampshire Co., Virginia was Formed in 1753 (or 1754) from Augusta and Frederick counties, Virginia. It became part of West Virginia in 1863.

      He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church

      From a letter from John Anderson to James H. Anderson:
      "Thomas Anderson, his son, was born in 1733, and died in 1808. He often aided in thwarting the Indians, and in resisting their forays. He fought during the entire Revolution, as an officer, either on the frontier against the Indians, or farther east against the British.

      He was at Yorktown, in command of his Company under Washington, at the surrender of Lord Cornwallis. His highest rank during the Revolution was Captain. He never knew fear, and in fighting the Indians ran some great risks, and made many narrow escapes. I have a distinct recollection of his appearance. He looked like my brother, Thomas James, your father. He was a member of the same church as his father; was an honest man and a good citizen, and like all the family, of whom I have any account, always paid his just debts. He was a true patriot, and had he been more ambitious might have risen higher during the Revolution.

      His wife was a Miss Bruce, of Virginia, by whom he had seven sons and four daughters. The sons were William, James, John, Jonathan, Joseph, Abner, and George. The daughters were Margaret, Rachel, Elizabeth, and Nancy.

      William and Joseph died (soldiers) in the war of 1812. Joseph was a single man, William left a wife, three sons and one daughter. William's sons were Hiram Joseph, and William. The daughter became the wife of my brother Levi.

      John married and settled in southern Indiana, when I was a mere boy, and reared a family of children. Jonathan and Abner never married. George died in his youth. Margaret married Joseph Critchfield, at the old homestead in Virginia; Rachel married William Eagle, who afterward settled in Wayne County, Ohio. Elizabeth married Thomas Eagle, nephew of William Eagle, and they settled in the neighborhood. Nancy never married."

      Revolutionary War record for Thomas is found as: Name: THOMAS ANDERSON Rank - Induction: CAPT Roll Box: 79 Roll Description: NC


      Letter from Hiram H. Anderson to his nephew, James H. Anderson: "I do no know all the plantations my great-grandfather William Anderson owned, but I know he was vastly rich. He was married twice. His second wife, a Miss Barnett, wa a girl of seventeen, with whom he lived twenty-four years. At the time of his second marriage he was 80 years old. When he died he was 104, and his wife died the following year. I believe he had no children by the second marriage." "My great-great-grandfather William Anderson, acquired the Anderson Bottom plantation in Hampshire county Va., by patent from Thomas, Lord Fairfax. Besides his Maryland real estate, William owned a number of other tracts. William and his (first) wife Rachel, conveyed 100 acres of good land on new Creek, in Hampshire county, to John Baker, Nov. 9, 1772. William and his (second) wife Margaret conved Sept. 17, 1787, to James Malloy, 327 acres of choice land, situate on Gibbons and Crooked runin in said county. Thomas Anderson and Sarah his wife, conveyed Nov. 22, 1802, said 206 acres to Martin Shaffer. Thomas Anderson conveyed April 16, 1802, by deed of gift, 93 acres of the Anderson Bottom to his son James. Thomas Anderson conveyed Feb. 26, 1806, to Daniel Collins, all the Anderson Bottom land except said 93 acres. James Anderson and Priscilla his wife, conveyed February 26, 1806, to Daniel Collins said 93 acres. The deeds of conveyance and of said real estate, except of the Maryland property, are all of record in Romney, Hampshire county, W. Va. William Anderson obtained the most of his Virginia real estate from Lord Fairfax." [13, 15, 16, 17]
    • (Research):American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI)

      Name: Thomas ANDERSON
      Birth Date: 1733
      Birthplace: Virginia
      Volume: 04
      Page Number: 124
      Reference: Gen. Column of the " Boston Transcript". 1906-1
      941.( The greatest single source of material for gen. Data for the N.E. area and for the period 1600-1800. Completely indexed in the Index.): Apr 29, 1931, 1692; Aug 17, 1931, 2179
    • (Medical):See attached sources. [14]
    Person ID I1299776  7_families
    Last Modified 16 Sep 2006 

    Father William Anderson,   b. 1693, , , Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 9 Apr 1796, Anderson's Bottom, Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 103 years) 
    Mother Rachel Mary Lauren,   b. Abt 1697, , , Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. , , Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1731  Of, , , Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [18
    Family ID F523873  Group Sheet

    Family Mary Elizabeth Bruce,   b. 1744, Winchester, Frederick, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 1761  , Frederick, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  [20
    • Captain Thomas Anderson married Mary Bruce, probably the daughter, Elizabeth, 2nd child of James Bruce, who with his brother, George, came from Scotland and settled in Winchester, Frederick Co., Virginia. He married about 1744, Margaret McMahon and moved to that part of Maryland on the North Branch of the Potomac River. [19]
    Children 
    +1. William Anderson,   b. 18 Sep 1764, Anderson's Bottom, Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Feb 1814, Fort Malden, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    +2. James Anderson,   b. 17 Feb 1768, Anderson's Bottom, Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Oct 1844, , Clinton, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
    +3. John Anderson,   b. Abt 1770, , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +4. Rachel Anderson,   b. Abt 1770, , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Jul 1862  (Age ~ 92 years)
     5. Jonathan Anderson,   b. Abt 1772, , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. , , Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Joseph Anderson,   b. Abt 1774, , Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1814, War Of 1812, Upper Sandusky, , Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years)
     7. Abner Anderson,   b. Abt 1776, , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. , , Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. George Anderson,   b. Abt 1778, , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     9. Margaret Anderson,   b. Abt 1780, , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     10. Elizabeth Anderson,   b. Abt 1784, , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     11. Nancy Anderson,   b. Abt 1786, , Hampshire, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 16 Sep 2006 
    Family ID F471391  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1733 - Anderson's Bottom, Hampshire, Virginia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1761 - , Frederick, Maryland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Virginia State - 1782 - , Hampshire, Virginia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Virginia State - 1784 - , Hampshire, Virginia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Oct 1806 - , Fairfield, Ohio Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Oct 1806 - , Fairfield, Ohio Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S8188] Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson's Bottom, W. Va., Olive I. McFarland, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 940943, item 14., 1: William Anderson, Captain (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S8190] Bruce Family, Bruce Family Website, (Online).

    3. [S877] Life and Letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson, James H. (James House) Anderson, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 3: (Reliability: 3).

    4. [S8196] Bruce, John of the Shenandoah, Violet Laverne Bruce, (Decorah, Iowa : Anundsen Pub. Co., c1987. Book #929.273 B83br), 929.273 B83br..

    5. [S8204] West Virginia, Hampshire, Romney - William Anderson Will, State of West Virginia, Hampshire County Clerk, (Made 10 September 1786. Proved 9 Apr 1796. Copy in posession of Lee Drew).

    6. [S8231] Bruce family of Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and Indiana, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1984. FHL Film #1412126 Item 7 John Bruce and his wife Sarah emigrated from Scotland to Winchester County, Virginia between 1737 and 1740.).

    7. [S8188] Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson's Bottom, W. Va., Olive I. McFarland, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 940943, item 14., 1: Thomas Anderson was born in Hampshire Co., Virginia, (now West Virginia) in 1733 (Reliability: 3).

    8. [S877] Life and Letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson, James H. (James House) Anderson, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 3: Thomas Anderson was born on the old place (Anderson's Bottom) on the Potomac in 1733. (Reliability: 3).

    9. [S8197] Letter - John Anderson to James H. Anderson - 26 Oct 1886, John Anderson, (26 Oct 1886 One of the few first person documents in existence relating to William and Thomas Anderson and their families.), http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?o., Thomas Anderson was born in 1733 and died in 1808. (Reliability: 3).

    10. [S8217] Virginia, Hampshire Co. - 1782 State Census, Virginia Hampshire County, (Family Tree Maker CD520), 27: Thomas Anderson, 10 free whites (Reliability: 3).

    11. [S8218] Virginia, Hampshire Co. - 1784 State Census, Virginia, Hampshire County, (Family Tree Maker, CD520), Thomas Anderson, 9 free white males, 1 dwelling, 1 other building (Reliability: 3).

    12. [S8188] Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson's Bottom, W. Va., Olive I. McFarland, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 940943, item 14., 1: Thomas Anderson died in Fairfield Co., Ohio in October 1806. (Reliability: 3).

    13. [S8191] Anderson - Eiler - Scothorn Family, Homer Eiler, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1998, Film #2055448), 2055448., 24 (Reliability: 3).

    14. [S877] Life and Letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson, James H. (James House) Anderson, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 8 (Reliability: 3).

    15. [S8188] Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson's Bottom, W. Va., Olive I. McFarland, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 940943, item 14., 1 (Reliability: 3).

    16. [S877] Life and Letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson, James H. (James House) Anderson, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940397 Item 4), 3, 17 (Reliability: 3).

    17. [S8197] Letter - John Anderson to James H. Anderson - 26 Oct 1886, John Anderson, (26 Oct 1886 One of the few first person documents in existence relating to William and Thomas Anderson and their families.), http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?o..

    18. [S8193] Anderson - Burrows website, Jim and Selma Burrows, (Online ).

    19. [S8188] Descendants of William Anderson of Anderson's Bottom, W. Va., Olive I. McFarland, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. Film #940943, item 14), 940943, item 14., 1: Captain Thomas Anderson married Mary Bruce (Reliability: 3).

    20. [S8231] Bruce family of Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and Indiana, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1984. FHL Film #1412126 Item 7 John Bruce and his wife Sarah emigrated from Scotland to Winchester County, Virginia between 1737 and 1740.), 1 (Reliability: 3).