1709 - 1748
||Benjamin Burgess, M.D. |
||9 Nov 1709
||Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts 
||18 Sep 1748
||Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts 
||Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts
- from: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~burgessgen
BENJAMIN BURGESS (1708-48) Dr. Benjamin Burgess was the son of Ebenezer and Mercy (Lombard) Burgess, of East Wareham. Massachusetts. He was horn in 1708, dying September 18, 1748, at the age of 40, "Doctors die young,"--and sometimes their wives. Mrs. Burgess predeceased him by two years, dying at the age of 36. We do not know the cause of the early death either of the Doctor or of his wife. The latter's Christian name, like that of the Doctor's mother, was Mercy. Their graves are found in the Acushnet Cemetery.
Benjamin was 24 years older than George Washington, and died 28 years before the Declaration of Independence. Dr. Burgess was a physician, and, as was the custom in those days, he probably studied medicine as an apprentice under an older physician. His records indicate that shortly before his death a medical student was studying and practicing under the Doctors tutelage. There were no medical schools in the American colonies at that time, and students sought outstanding physicians under whom to study. A student usually remained a protégé for a period of two years. It is interesting to contrast the requirements of then and now. A physician in the making these days ordinarily devotes from eight to ten years to study beyond high school graduation before he becomes a finished product. Benjamin began at the age of 27 to practice his profession, opening an office and establishing his home in the town of Dartmouth--in that section thereof now known as Acushnet, a few miles from New Bedford. In those days Dartmouth was an important community. The author has in his possession Dr. Burgess' Medical Record and Account Book, 200 years old, the earliest date being 1742. The practice of bloodletting, which is now considered barbarous and is tabooed, is recorded in the book. It will be recalled that such was the treatment administered to President Washington half a century later. However, many of the old methods were sound, and no doubt much suffering was alleviated. The book shows that the Doctor had a large and extensive practice, being constantly summoned to communities 5 and 20 miles distant. Among his patients are found the names of Delano's and Swifts, ancestors of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. They were also relatives of' the Doctor. One of these "presidential" ancestors was Jirah Swift, a lawyer, who administered the Doctors estate. Swifts signature appears throughout the book in connection with the settlement of accounts. The Doctor's son, Seth, brought the book to Nova Scotia in 1760 and it has served during all succeeding generations as a repertory for genealogical data. It was not until the last few years after. Burgess' life--the decade of the forties--that the English colonists began seriously to awake to the growing menace of France, and when she and England became involved as enemies in the War of the Austrian Succession / the New England legislatures were not slow to vote funds and troops for the purpose of besieging Louisburg, in the island of Cape Breton, now a part of Nova Scotia. Colonel Sir William Pepperell, of Maine, led the expedition, and the fall of the fortress, in 1715 into the hands of the English was almost entirely to the credit of New England where great rejoicing prevailed. The victory is commemorated in Massachusetts in the name of Louisburg Square, Boston, also in that of the town of Pepperell. But in Europe the odds had not been in England's favor, and at the peace-table the warring nations agreed to return to the pre-war status. The restoration, accordingly, of Louisburg to France in 1748 created bitter feelings in the breasts of the colonists, who felt that England had sacrificed that for which they had fought and died. Eight years later began the Seven Years' War (in American histories more often known as the French and Indian War) and in 1758 Louisburg fell permanently to the English. Thenceforth all of present-day Nova Scotia (that is, both the peninsula and Cape Breton) has been under the British flag. In 1759 Quebec also capitulated; in 1760, Montreal; and one can imagine with what relief the English colonists now heard that French power on this continent was doomed.
At last the colonists were free to move whither they wished. Forthwith an exodus began, a migration of historic importance, in that it marks the beginning of the major expansion of our Anglo-Saxon civilization in North America. The main part of the movement was westward, and it has continued to the present day. To many of its inhabitants New England, with its rocky soil and the undeveloped state of its industry and commerce at that time, was less attractive than the fertile valleys of Nova Scotia. Among the New Englanders, about 8,000 in all, allured to this old Acadian land, later to be immortalized by Longfellow's Evangeline, was the previously mentioned Seth Burgess, eldest son of the Doctor. Of the other three sons little is known, except that the second son, Benjamin, was a physician, and practiced in Goshen, Massachusetts.
||18 Sep 2005 |
||Ebenezer Burgess, b. 2 Oct 1673, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts , d. 22 May 1750, Wareham, Plymouth, Massachusetts |
||Mercy Lombard, b. 2 Nov 1673, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts , d. 6 Dec 1753, Wareham, Plymouth, Massachusetts |
||20 Mar 1701
||Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts 
||Mrs. Mercy Burgess, b. 1710, Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts , d. 4 Jul 1746, Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts |
||Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts
| ||1. Silas Burgess, b. 2 Feb 1730, Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts , d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||2. Seth Burgess, b. 22 May 1736, Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts , d. 10 Jan 1795, Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, Canada |
|>||3. Benjamin Burgess, M.D., b. 21 Jan 1738, Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts , d. 13 Dec 1808, Goshen, Hampshire, Massachusetts |
| ||4. Thomas Burgess, c. 18 Sep 1743, Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts , d. 10 Mar 1772|
||10 May 2004 |
- [S372031] Mayflower Descendant, (Wheat Ridge, CO: Search & Research Publishing Corporation, 1996), 2: 227 (Reliability: 3).
- [S372084] Dartmouth Massachusetts Vital Records, Dartmouth (Massachusetts). Town Clerk, (Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1972).
- [S372031] Mayflower Descendant, (Wheat Ridge, CO: Search & Research Publishing Corporation, 1996), 14: 88 (Reliability: 3).