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Governor Edward  Winslow, (Mayflower)

Governor Edward Winslow, (Mayflower)

Male 1595 - 1655  (59 years)

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  • Name Governor Edward Winslow, (Mayflower) 
    Prefix Governor 
    Suffix (Mayflower) 
    Born 18 Oct 1595  Droitwich, Worcester, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 28 Oct 1595  Droitwich, Worcester, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _UID 20E5280BA5AB413DB9513AA0431B13278213 
    Died 8 May 1655  At Sea, Near Jamacia, Hispanola, West Indies Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 8 May 1655  At Sea Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • 3rd Governor of Massachusetts

      From Caleb Johson's website:

      ANCESTRAL SUMMARY: Edward Winslow was the son of Edward Winslow, a wealthy owner ofasaltboilery, and Magdalene Oliver. Edward Winslow was baptizedatDroitwich,Worcester, England on 20 October 1595. Winslow soonjoinedwith theSeparatists, and moved to Leyden where he became a printeralongwithWilliam Brewster, publishing illegal religious pamphlets.Hisfirstwife, Elizabeth Barker, was from Chattisham, Suffolk, England.

      His second wife was the widow of William White of the Mayflower.Foradescription of what is known about her (she is not a Fuller)seeWilliamWhite.

      The ancestry of Edward Winslow is as follows:

      (1) Kenelm Winslow of Kempsey (it has been suggested, but notproved,thathe married Elizabet Foliot, daughter of JohnFoliot--seeNEHGR122:175-178)

      (2) Edward Winslow, m. Magdalene Oliver

      (3) Edward Winslow of the Mayflower

      Edward Winslow had four other siblings which came toAmerica,namelyGilbert Winslow (Mayflower, 1620), John Winslow (Fortune,1621),JosiasWinslow (White Angel, 1631), and Kenelm Winslow, whomarriedEleanor(Newton) Adams, who came in the Anne, 1623. Edward Winslowalsohadseveral sisters, including Magdalen who married Rev. William Wakeon25April 1627, in Wareham, Dorset, England.

      Will of Edward Winslow



      --------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------

      BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:


      Edward Winslow is the only Mayflower passenger to have a knownportraitinexistence--although a questionable sketch of Myles Standishexists.Theportrait to the left was painted by Robert Walker in 1651, soWinslowishere 31 years older than he was when he came on the Mayflower attheageof 25. The original portrait is in the possession of thePilgrimHallMuseum in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

      Nathaniel Morton in New England's Memorial (1669) writes ofEdwardWinslow:

      He was the son of Edward Winslow, Esq. of the town of Draughtwich,inthecounty of Worcester. He, travelling into the low countries,inhisjourneys fell into acquaintance with the church of Leyden,inHolland,unto whom he joined, and with whom he continued until theypartedto comeinto New-England, he coming with that part that came firstover,andbecame a very worthy and useful instrument amongst them, both inplaceofgovernment and othrwise, until his last voyage for England, beingsentonspecial employment for the government of the Massachusetts,asisaforementioned in this book; and afterwards was employed as oneofthegrand commissioners in that unhappy design against DomingoinHispaniola,who taking grief for all ill success of that enterprize,onwhich,together with some other infirmities that were upon him, hefellsick atsea, betwixt Domingo and Jamaica, and died the eighth day ofMay,whichwas about the sixty-first year of his life, and his bodywashonourablycommitted to the sea, with the usual solemnity of thedischargeoffourty-two pieces of ordinance.

      Cotton Mather, essentially copying from Morton in hisMagnaliaChristiAmericana (1702) writes:

      Mr. Edward Winslow, the Son of Edward Winslow, Esq; of Draughtwich,intheCountry of Worcester, . . . Travelling into the Low-Countries,hefellinto Acquaintance with the English Church at Leyden, andjoininghimselfto them, he Shipped himself with that part of them whichfirstcame overinto America; from which time he was continually engagedinsuchextraordinary Actions, as the assistance of that People toencountertheirmore than ordinary Diffculties, called for.

      Edward Winslow of the Mayflower was a printer, andassistedWilliamBrewster in running the printing press at Leyden whichpublishedillegalpamphlets of a religious nature which were distributed inEngland.He wasone of the more prominent and influential men in thePlymouthColony, andwas the colony's third governor. In the early yearsofPlymouth, Edwardplayed a prominent role in Indian-Pilgrim relations,andmade manydiplomatic visits to the Wampanoag sachem Massasoit. Oneoneoccasion in1622 he even managed to "cure" Massasoit of adreadfulsickness--an eventwhich greatly helped Indian-Pilgrim relations.

      Winslow also made trips to England in the early years of theColonytoconduct business agreements and make legal arrangements,includingtripsin 1623-4, 1630, and 1635. In 1646 he returned to live inEnglandandserved in the English army under Oliver Cromwell . In 1655 hedied ofafever on a military expedition to capture the island ofHispaniola.Uponhis death, one of the ship's chroniclers wrote this poem:


      The Eighth of May, west from 'Spaniola shore, God took from us our Grand Commissioner, Winslow by Name, a man in Chiefest Trust, Whose Life was sweet, and Conversation just; Whose Parts and wisdome most men did excell: An honour to his Place, as all can tell.


      Edward Winslow authored several books. He wrote Good News FromNewEnglandfirst published in 1624. He authored a good portion ofMourt'sRelation: AJournal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth first published in1622.Winslow alsowrote Hypocricie Unmasked (1646), and NewEngland'sSalamander (1647),which are both for the most part religiousdiscourses.He also editedseveral pamphlets.

      In August, 1998, Dr. Jeremy D. Bangs of Leiden, Holland stated thathewasnearing completion of a biography of Edward Winslow.


      Last Will & Testament of Edward Winslow, 1654


      I, Edward Winslowe of London. Esquior. being now bound in a voyage to sea in the service of the comon welth do make publish & declare this to be my last will & testamt touching the disposing of my estate. ffirst I doe give will devise & bequeath all my lands & stock in New England & all my possibilities & porcons in future allotmts & divicons to Josia my onely sonne & his heires, hee allowing to my wife a full third parte thereof for her life Also. I give to the poore of the Church of Plymouth in new England Tenn pounds. & to the poore of marsh fielde where thec hiefest of my estate lyes Tenn poundes., Also I give my lynnen wch I carry wth me to sea to my daughter Elizabeth & the rest of my goods wch I carry wth mee I give to my sonn Josias hee giving to each of my brothers a suite of apparell & I make my said son Josias my executor of this my will,and Colonell venables my overseer of my goods in the voyage & my fower frends Dr Edmond Wilson; mr John Arthur, Mr James Shirley & Mr Richard ffloyde, overseers for the rest of my prsonall estate in England.

      witness my hand & Seale the Eighteenth day of December In the yeare of our Lord God one Thousand Six hundred fifty & ffower.

      Sealed & subscribed

      in the presence of Jon Hooper

      Gerald Usher servant to Hen: Colbron

      pr me Edw: Winslow



      --------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------

      SOURCES: Ruth C. McGuyre and Robert S. Wakefield, Mayflower FamiliesThroughFiveGenerations: Edward Winslow and John Billington, vol.5(Plymouth:General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1991).

      John G. Hunt, "The Mayflower Winslows," New EnglandHistoricalandGenealogical Register 121(1967):25-29,122(1968):175-178,and124(1970):182-183.

      John G. Hunt, "Clues to the Ancestry of Winslow of Droitwich,"TheAmericanGenealogist 41:168-175.

      John G. Hunt, "Governor Edward Winslow's Mother's Family: TheOlivers,"TheAmerican Genealogist 42:52-55.

      John G. Hunt, "A Note on the Winslow Births in England,"TheAmericanGenealogist 42:186-187.

      George G. Wolkins. "Edward Winslow: King's ScholarandPrinter,"Proceedings of the American AntiquarianSociety,60(1950):237-266.

      Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History andItsPeople,1620-1691 (Ancestor Publishers: Salt Lake City, 1986).
    Person ID I54200632  7_families
    Last Modified 14 Apr 2009 

    Father Edward Winslow,   b. 17 Oct 1560, St. Andrew Parish, Droitwich, Worcester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1631, , Droitwich, Worcester, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
    Mother Magdalene Ollyver,   c. 4 Aug 1566, St. Clement Dane, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1605  (Age ~ 39 years) 
    Married 4 Nov 1591  St. Brides Church, London, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F5981381  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Elizabeth Barker, (Mayflower),   b. 1597, Of, Chester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 May 1621, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 24 years) 
    Married 16 May 1618  Leyden, Zuid, Holland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 14 Apr 2009 
    Family ID F18162977  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Susanna Fuller,   b. 1594, , , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1680  (Age 86 years) 
    Married 12 May 1621  Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Son Winslow,   b. 1623, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1623, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     2. Edward Winslow,   b. 1624, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Plymouth, Plymouth, Masachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. John Winslow,   b. 1626, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location
    +4. Governor Josiah Winslow,   b. 1629, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Dec 1680, Marshfield, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
    +5. Elizabeth Winslow,   b. 1631, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Sep 1697, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
    Last Modified 29 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F18162978  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 18 Oct 1595 - Droitwich, Worcester, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 28 Oct 1595 - Droitwich, Worcester, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 16 May 1618 - Leyden, Zuid, Holland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 12 May 1621 - Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 8 May 1655 - At Sea, Near Jamacia, Hispanola, West Indies Link to Google Earth
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    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor
    Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor