1584-1595 - 1661
||Anthony Colby [1, 2] |
||Beccles, Suffolk, England 
||11 Feb 1661
||Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts
(1) The book "The Compendium of American Genealogy" Vol 4 page116, 117, 776, 476, Vol 3 page 423, Vol 7 page 146, 893, Vol 5 page 261, 472, 528, Biloxi Public Library, Biloxi, Mississippi (2) A Family Group Sheet from LDSGENSOC which lists as sources: "Utah Genealogical Magazine Vol 20; Salisbury Vital Statistics 974.5, A1 Vol25"
!NOTE: Anthony Colby is said to be the grandson of Thomas Colby,who built Roos Hall in Beccles, Suffolk, England. He is said to have married Susannah Sargent daughter of William Sargent, to who he sold a house in 1647 (Source: Book "Prominent Families In America With British Ancestry", page 2627, Gulfport, Mississippi Public Library, 1976.
!NOTE: Anthony Colby is Joseph Smith's grandfather on his mothers side.This family involves royalty and has been tentatively traced to Adam. Source: Jean McCormack, 36 Camino Hermose, Riverwood Village, Toms River, New Jersey 08753 as of 22 Jan 1977)
!NOTE: Per the book "Directory of the Ancestral Heads of New England Families 1785-1794", page 52: "Arthur Colby, a brother of Anthony Colby,was at Ipsich, Mass in 1637. Arthur was indicated to be a brother of Anthony Colby who came with Winthrop from England."
Records speak of 12 children for this family, but only 11 can be proved
Additional Notes for ANTHONY COLBY:
Colby is a place name deriving from the parish of Coleby, which lies seventeen miles northwest of Semperingham, and six miles south of Lincoln. There is also a parish of Colby in Norfolk, next to Beccles, and it too seems to have been the source of a quite unrelated Colby clan. There are also villages called Colby in Westmoreland, in Yorkshire, and one in Denmark.
The name is of Viking origin and means coal place. There are a number of places in England containing Cole, such as Coleridge, Colclough, and Colebrook. The "by" suffix is the Viking word meaning homestead or farm. Thus, Coleby was probably a farmstead where charcoal was made in ancient times by Viking settlers.
Anthony came to America in the Spring of 1630 on the ship "Arbella" with the "Winthrop Fleet". With him came his wife, Susannah. Their first home was in the disputed territory between Cambridge and Watertown which was given to Cambridge in 1632, and was on the road to Mount Auburn close by the river.
In 1633, on the second Sabbath that Rev. John Cotton preached, he baptized his own son Seaborn Cotton and John Colby, son of Anthony.
Anthony built a second house near the Washington Elm and a third one near the Fresh Pond. He was admitted freeman in Cambridge in 1634. Three years later, he appeared in Ipswich, and three years after that in Salisbury. He was among the first settlers of the latter town. Together, the men (Jared Haddon) joined the church in Charlestown and took the freeman's oath in Cambridge on 14 May 1634. Together lay their house lots at East Salisbury and when Jared sold his homestead in 1644 and built in what is now Amesbury, Anthony bought the lot adjoining and came with his family. On this land he at last settled down to make a permanent home. He received additional lots of land from the divisions in 1643, 1654, and 1658.
In 1640, he was appointed an appraiser for the government and in 1651 was elected a selectman.
Anthony Colby seems to have been always at odds with the leaders in town affairs and was often in controversy , legal or personal, with the authorities. Once he was fined for making a speech in town meeting on the ground that he had created a disturbance. He worked incessantly to have the new settlement at Amesbury set off from Salisbury as a town. The fight was carried on after his death by his sons, and the separation was finally accomplished in 1666.
He was an industrious man, and in spite of moving every few years and in spite of many children, he became one of the largest property holders in Amesbury. His lots included: Back River, Fox Island, Lion's Mouth, Great Swamp, Hampton, River, Whiskers Hill, and lots from the third and fourth divisions. His inventory set a value of 359 pounds sterling upon his property.
The old house was on the southwest side of Main St. which leads from Amesbury Center to the Merrimac and was the seventh from Bartlett's Corner. Here is the well described in Whittier's poem, "The Captain's Well". The well was dug by a grandson of the daughter Mary.
The year after Anthony's death, the widow sold to her son Isaac, sixty acres near Haverhill to pay for her board. From the public divisions she received land in 1662 and 1664. In the latter year she married William Whitridge, a carpenter from Gloucester. he died in 1669. In the meantime, she had had to defend her homestead against the claim of Thomas Macey from whom it had been purchased. At about the time of the sale, Macey had fled to Nantucket to escape the penalty of sheltering two Quakers during a thunderstorm, but later he denied the sale and tried to expel the widow and her family by legal process. He was unsuccessful and the premises were in the possession of her descendants as late as 1895. In 1678, the son Thomas was deeded half of all the lands remaining in consideration of services rendered the widow, and in 1682, the homestead was deeded to her son Samuel, who cared for her during the infirmities of old age.
Noted in "The Great Migration Begins" 1996, New England Historical and Genealogical Socitiey, pages 413-416 He died on Feb 11 1660 in Amesbury, Ma. BIO: Left London (Isle of Wright) in March of 1630 with more than 400 others arrived on ship Arbella at Boston. Lived on shipboard 4 months before housing could be made. In Boston, Ipswich, Salisbury & Amesbury. Noted as "planter", received land in the 'first division' in 1640 and '43; one of the first commoners of Amesbury, where he received land in 1654 and 1758, and his widow , in his right, in '62 and '64. Was church member in Boston, living Cambridge 1632, affirmed freeman oath 14 May 1634; at Ipswich 1637; Sometimes printed as "Arthur" He was married to Susannah (Colby) about 1632 in Boston, Ma (?).
Extract from The American Genealogist Whole number 202 Vol. 51, No 2 April 1975
Anthony Colby∆s Purported Ancestry By Glade Ian Nelson
James W. Colby frequently unreliable ś Colby family History, published in 1895, is the basis for the statement that Anthony Colby of Massachusetts Bay Colony was the son of Thomas Colby, Esquire, by his second wife Beatrice Felton of Beccles, Co. Suffolk, England. Since the printing of that volume, this relationship has been repeated in many other publications with elaborations upon the various royal personages which fill the ancestral pedigrees of the Colby and Felton families. Most recently it has appeared in Michel L. Call, Royal Ancestors of some L.D.S. Families (Salt Lake City: 1972), and in Count de Angerville, Living Descendants of Blood Royal vol. 4. While the first book is so error-filled as to make it completely untrustworthy to any serious student of royal genealogies, the second does contain some lineages of merit. To the discredit of both authors they fail their readers by not giving documentary source material or references for data contained in their books. It should not be too surprising, therefore, that the claim of the Massachusetts immigrant, Anthony Colby, as the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby is without substantiation and most likely completely fallacious. Certain lineage societies have rather blindly accepted this lineage in the past and, I presume, continue to do so. (See Langston and Buck, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagnes Descendants, Vol. ii (1974), p. 96--Ed.). Therefore, in order to correct this purported parentage and to warn those who might be tempted to accept the questionable lineage, the following information is presented. Anthony Colby came to New England probably with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630 for in that year he was of Boston and recorded as a church member. He was of Cambridge as early as 1632 when he owned land and buildings there, and was still there when, on 14 May 1634, he took the oath of "freeman" before the General Court in Boston. About 1637 he moved to the settlement at Ipswich, but soon thereafter moved on to Salisbury, then called Colchester, where he received land in the first division of 1639. Additional grants of land were given to him by the town of Salisbury in 1640 and 1643. Anthony Colby was one of the original settlers of the "Newtown", now called Amesbury, where he was made a commoner on 19 March 1654, receiving a grant of land there in that same year as well as grants in subsequent years.(1) He died intestate, 11 Feb. 1660/1, in Salisbury, Mass., and the inventory was taken on 9 March 1660/1, (2) with the division made 9 April 1661.(3)
Although as early as 1939, information concerning the identity of Anthony Colby's wife was printed by Donald Lines Jacobus, (4) many errors have since been printed concerning her. Mr. Jacobus clearly pointed out that Anthony Colby married after coming to New England, probably between 1630 and 1632, the widow Susannah Waterman of Boston, Mass. She married, thirdly, about 1663-4, William Whitridge, a carpenter from Gloucester who died 5 Dec. 1668, leaving her a widow for the third time. Susannah died 8 July 1689 in Salisbury, Mass. Various accounts state her maiden name to have been Haddon and make her either a sister or daughter of William Sargent, and still others ascribe her to her the name Nutting. None of these claims, however, is substantiated by documented evidence, leaving her maiden name unknown.
Anthony Colby is said to be the grandson of Thomas Colby, who built Roos Hall in Beccles, Suffolk, England. He is said to have married Susannah Sargent daughter of William Sargent, to who he sold a house in 1647 (Source: Book "Prominent Families In America With British Ancestry", page 2627, Gulfport, Mississippi Public Library, 1976. NOTE: Per the book "Directory of the Ancestral Heads of New England Families 1785-1794", page 52: "Arthur Colby, a brother of Anthony Colby, was at Ipswich, Mass in 1637. Arthur was indicated to be a brother of Anthony Colby who came with Winthrop from England."
Ancestry and Genealogy of Thomas Grover pg 333 - 334 Anthony Colby, of Beccles, Suffolk, came to America, 1630, and married Susanna (???).
New England Families Genealogical and Memorial: Volume IV The American ancestor of this Colby family was Antonie Colby, who sailed from England and settled in Boston in 1630, and afterward in Amesbury, Massachusetts, dying in 1661. He married Lydia Van Dyke Van de Veer, daughter of Cornelius Van Dyke and Catherine Van de Veer, of Rocky Hill, New Jersey.
HISTORY of CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 1630-1877 PREFACE page 133 [p.133] Colby, Anthony, settler 1633, house and three acres land near S. side of Brattle St., also house and 3 acres on way leading from Brattle St. to Fresh Pond, sold 1639 to Simon Crosby and rem. to Salisbury d. 1663, 32, 511; share in pales, 11, 20
More About ANTHONY COLBY: 1: May 1634, Freeman of MBC 2: named for his uncle, Anthony Jackson Emigration: March 29, 1630, on the ship "Arbella" with the Winthrop fleet Occupation: Appraiser for Government Religion: Puritan
Notes for SUSANNA HADDON: Misc. Notes Possibly her brother: Jarrett [or Gerhard] Haddon [or Hadden] of Cambridge in 1632, of Salisbury - rec'd land in 1st division 1640, of Amesbury 1654. Born about 1608, married Margaret, who died 20 MAR 1672-3 in Amesbury. He died in Amesbury about 1689. WILL: 20 JAN, 1686-7; 20 MAR 1689-90.[
EARLY RECORDS OF THE HADDON FAMILY CHAPTER I The Haddons came to America very early. "The name is of ancient origin. It is an English name, but is found in Scotland, Ireland and Wales-(Coat of Arms). The name has been spelled in various ways. Thus - Hedden - Hedde - Hedin - Headden - Hodden - Haddon - Haydon."
After Anthony's death Susannah remarried, to a Whittredge... ABRIDGED COMPENDIUM, Frederick Virkus WHITRIDGE: (Whitred Whitteredd, Whit- treage, Whittridge, Whitrig), William (1599- 1668), from Eng. in the "Elizabeth," with his wife and son Thomas, 1635; settled at Ipswich, Mass., 1637; m Elizabeth-----; m 2d, Susanna -----, widow of Anthony Colby
"Near the end of her life, Susannah Whittredge was described by the selectmen of Amesbury as: an anchient and helpless widow belonging to the town of Amesbury... notwithstanding a comfortable and competent maintenance being allowed unto her out of the estate of her former deceased husband Anthony Coleby...yet she being a woman attended with many infirmities both of body and mind, is utterly incapable of doing anything that may contribute to her livelihood or comfortable subsistance ... she living alone, wanting such help and attendance as may be convenient, continually laboring under such infirmities of body as usually attend old age often times sick and many times destitute of divers necessaries and always of the conveniencies of life, any otherwise than she is supplied by one or two of her children, whose families in the meantime want the same at home, and very much defective and decayed in her understanding ...,September Term 1682 [EQC 8:388] The court ordered that her sons, Samuel, Isaac and Thomas Colby, provide for her and sell what land was necessary to maintain her from the Colby estate [EQC 8:388]
SOURCES OF INFORMATION: 1. EQC = Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts. 1636-1686, 9 vollumes (Salem 1911-1975)
Estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury
Essex Probate Docket # 5896
Inventory of the Estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury
Inventory of the estate of Anthony Collby, late of Salisbury, deceased, taken Mar. 9 1660, by Sam. Hall, Tho. Bradbury and Tho. Barnett:
His waring Apparrell, 2li. 10s.; 1 feather bed & bolster & old Cotten Rugg, a payer of course sheets & a course bed case, 4li. 15s.; one old warming pan, 3s. 4d.; an other feather bed, feather pillow, feather bolster & a payer of sheets & Cotten Rugg, 4li. 10s.; about 8li. of sheeps wooll, 10s 8d.; five pound of cotton wooll, 5s.; 10li. of Hopps, 6s. 8d.; a copp. kettle & a payer of tramells1li.; a little old brass skillett & old morter & pestle, 3s 4d.; trayes & other dary ware, 15s.; a landiron, gridiron, frying pan, old cob iron, 5s.; in old peuter, 3s 4d.; 4 scythes, 8s.; 2 pillow beers, 3s.; table, two joynstooles, 2 chayres, 1li.; old swords & 2 old muskets, 1li.; one chest & one box, 10s.; an old saddle & a pillion, 10s.; old lumber, 10s.; a grindle stone with an Iron handle, 3s. 4d.; a new millsaw & 1-2 an old one, 1li.; a croscutt saw & half a one, 1li.; a broad bow, 3 forkes, a rake, 2 axes & an Iron Spade, 12s.; 5 yoakes, 10s.; 2 Iron cheynes, 10s.; halfe a tymber cheine & a new draft cheyne, 1li. 15s.; an old tumbrill with an old payer of wheeles, 1li.; 2 sleades, 1li.; a long cart & wheels & Spanshakle & pin 4th pt. of and other cart, 2li.; a plough & plough Irons, 10s.; 2 Canoas & 1-2 a canoa, 3li. 15s.; 6 oxen, 42li.; 6 Cowes, 27li.; 2 3 yeare old steers, 7li.; 2 Yearlins, 3li.; 2 calves, 1li.; 7 swine, 5li. 5s.; 8 sheep, 4li.; 1 mare & colt, 20li.; 1 horse, 10s.; a dwelling house & barne & 14 acres of upland in tillage, 70li.; a pasture of about 30 acres, 20li. 2 lotts att yt wch is cald Mr. Hall's Farme, 5li. 10s.; about eighteen acres of fresh meadow, 40li.; ye accoodacon bought of Mr. Groome, 6li.; 60 acres of upland towards pentuctt bounds with meadow to be laid out, 10li.; ye 8th pt. of ye old saw mill, 30li.; 40 bushells of wheat, 9li.; 10 bushels of barley & 6 of rice, 3li. 4s.; about 60 bushels of Indian corne, 9li.; total, 359li. 19s. 4d.
Copied from the files of the Norfolk county court records, and sworn to by the widow Colby, Tho. Bradbury, rec.
Anthony Colby, debtor: To Sam. Worcester, 1li. 7s.; Willi Osgood, 2li. 9d.; Goodman Tappin, 1li. 2s. 6d.; Abram Morrill, 2li. 10s. 10d.; John Tod, 10s.; Tho. Clarke, 9s.; Mr. Russell of Charlstown, 10li.; Mr. Gerish, 5li. 8s. 6d.; Mr. Woodman, 2li. 14s.; Jno. Bartlett, 2li. 2s. 1d.; Steven Sweat, 2li. 5s. 5d.; John Webster, 13s.; Steven Greenleif, 13s.; Goodman Peirce, 10s.; Goodman Cillick, 3li.; Jno. Lewis, 1li. 10s.; Orland Bagly, 5li. 19s.; Jno. Blower, 6s.; Mr. Worcester, 1li. 13s. 6d.; Mr. Bradbury, 16s. 9d.; to the widow Colby, 10li.; Henry Jaques, 2li. 10s.; Willi. Huntington, 11s.; John Severans, 1li. 13s. 8d.; Jno. Clough for grass, 6s.; for 9 weeks worke, 8li. 2s.; total, 68li. 14s. 7d. Debtor p Contra: Rodger Eastman, 10s.; Robert Clements, 1li. 5s.; from ye town, 9s.; Jno. Maxfield, 2li.; Leonard Hatherlee, 1li.; Sam. Worcester, 14s. 6d.; Goodman Morrill, 1li. 10s.; Steven Flanders, 6s.; Goodman Randall, 6s.; boards at ye saw mill, 3li. 7s. 6d.; loggs to make 2000 of bord, 2li. 5s.; for work done to ye estate, 1li. 2s. 6d.; total 14li. 15s. 6d.
Source: Norfolk Co. Quarterly Cout Files, vol. 1, leaf 33
Estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury
The division of the estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury, late deceased, made by Tho. Bradbury and Robert Pike, Apr. 9, 1661, by order of the county court held at Salisbury.
To ye widdow for hir part & the two youngest children: ye dwelling house, barne and 14 acres of upland in tillage, 70li.; ye ferric meadow, 30li.; ye household goods, 19li. 19s. 4d.; a yoake of Oxen, 14li.; 3 Cowes, 13li. 10s.; 7 Swine, 5li. 5s.; in sheep, 2li. 10s.; in Corne, 21li. 4s.; the boggie meadow, 10li.
To John Colby: an acre of land aded to his halfe acre at his house, 2li. 16s.; two cheyns, 10s.; a yoake of oxen 15li. 10s.; Mr. Groom's accomodacons, 6li.; in sheep, 1li. 10s.; a cart & wheels, span, shackle & pin & ye 4th pt. of another cart. 2li.
To Sarah, ye wife of Orlando Bagly: one Cowe & one 3 yeere old steere, 8li.; a young horse, 10li.; another Cowe, 4li. 10s.; p.
Isaac Colby, 5li. 16s. More payd by Isaac Colby to Orlando Bagly for ye which the estate was debtor. 5li. 19s. 8d.
To Samuell Colby: one yoade of oxen, 13li.; the pasture, 20li.
To Isaac Colby: the eleven lotts of marshe at Mr. Hal's farme, 2 lotts of sweepage & one higledee pigeledee lot, 9li. 10s.; 2 yearlins, 3li.; ye part of ye saw mill, 30li.
To Rebecka Colby: a Cowe, one 3 year old steere & ye mare colt, 14li.; two Calves, 1li.; a bed & bolster, 4li. 10s.; p.
Isaac Colby, 2li. 11s.; p.
Sam. Colby, 5li. 4s.; in corne, 11s.
This division was consented to by the widow Colby and all the children who were of capacity. Confirmed by the Norfolk county court at Salisbury, 14:2:1663, and recorded by Tho. Bradbury, rec.
Source: Norfolk Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol. 1, leaf 34.
Upon the petition of Susanna Whittredge formerly Colbie the Ipswich court Mar. 28, 1682 granted her power with the advice of Samuell Colbie and Thomas Colbie to sell enough of the estate left in her hands by her former husband for her necessary support in her old age, not exceeding the value of two of the parts or shares which the coutr Apr. 9, 1661 allotted to her for her part of the estate.
Petition of Thomas Challis, Orlando Bagly, Ephraim Weed and Ebenezer Blasdell for some part of the estate of their grandfather Anthony Collby formerly of Salisbury left in the hands of their grandmother Susanna widow of Anthony, administratrix to his estate, afterward Susanna Whithredg, deceased: the Court Ordered the division of the estate Apr. 9, 1661, and it was allowed 14: 2m: 1663. Also such of us as have married the daughters of John Collby, deceased, eldest son of said Anthony and Susanna, hath letters of administration granted him unto the estate of Susanna Whithredg, deceased, and hath exhibited a large account of debt from the estate and also he designeth a further application for liberty for alienation of more of said estate.
We address ourselves to the court: where we think we ought for ye interposing & improvement of yt authority for ye prevention of ye evacuation of yt estate whereunto we have right (as we think) out of half gills or gills, and ye exhausting & wasting thereof by such embezelling trifles," also crave you advice whereby we may be orderly possessed of our rights. Dated Sept. 28, 1698.
Citation of Samuell Coleby to appear before Jonathan Corwin, Esq., at the house of Mr. Frances Elles to take administration on the remaining estate of Anthoney Coleby of Amesbury, deceased. Dated Salem, Nov. 16 1699
Said citation read to Samuell Colby Nov 18, 1699 by Ebenezer Blasdell, Constable of Amesbury.
The Great Migration Begins
ORIGIN: Horbling, Lincolnshire
FIRST RESIDENCE: Boston
REMOVES: Cambridge 1632, Ipswich 1637, Salisbury 1640, Amesbury, Salisbury
OCCUPATION: Sawmill owner.
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: "Anthony Chaulby" admitted to Boston church as member #93, which would be in the winter of 1630/1 [BChR 14]. On 2 August 1646 "Anthony Colby according to his desire had letters of dismission" from Boston church "unto the Church at Salsbury" [BChR 47].
FREEMAN: 14 May 1634 [MBCR 1:369].
EDUCATION: Could sign his name [GMC50 125].
OFFICES: Essex grand jury, 9 April 1650, 1 October 1650 [EQC 1:189, 201]. Petit jury, 26 September 1648, 12 April 1653, 3 October 1654 [EQC 1:149, 279, 369].
ESTATE: Granted three acres in Cambridge behind the Pine Swamp, 5 January 1634/5 [CaTR 11]; received a proportional share of one in the undivided meadow ground, 20 August 1635 [CaTR 13]; in the list of those with "houses" in Cambridge (number of "houses" torn, but in the West End), 8 February 1635/6 [CaTR 19].
In the Cambridge land inventory on 10 October 1635 "Anthony Couldby" held five parcels of land: one house with backside, about three acres, in the West End; one house with planting ground, about three acres, in West End Field; three acres by the Pine Swamp; four acres in the Neck of Land; and four acres in the Great Marsh [CaBOP 32]; at least one of these lots, and perhaps more, purchased by Simon Crosby [CaBOP 67].
The inventory of the intestate estate of "Anthony Collby, late of Salisbury" was taken 9 March 1660 by Samuel Hall, Thomas Bradbury and Thomas Barnett. It totalled £349 19s. 4d. of which £185 10s. was real estate: "a dwelling house & barn & fourteen acres of upland in tillage," £70; "a pasture of about thirty acres," £20; "2 lots at ... Mr. Hall's Farm," £5 10s.; "about eighteen acres of fresh meadow," £40; the "accommodation" bought of Mr. Groome, £6; "two lots of sweepage & one higgledee piggildee lot," £4; "sixty acres of upland towards Pentucett bounds with meadow to be laid out," £10; and the "eighth part of the old saw mill," £30. Among the interesting items inventoried were numerous sawmill blades and accoutrements, and "old swords and two old muskets, £1" [EPR 1:407-10].
Near the end of her life, Susannah Whittredge was described by the selectmen of Amesbury as an ancient and helpless widow belonging to the town of Amesbury ... notwithstanding a comfortable and competent maintenance being allowed unto her out of the estate of her former deceased husband Anthony Coleby ... yet she being a woman attended with many infirmities both of body and mind, is utterly incapable of doing anything that may contribute to her livelihood or comfortable subsistence ... she living alone, wanting such help and attendance as may be convenient, continually laboring under such infirmities of body as usually attend old age often times sick and many times destitute of divers necessaries and always of the conveniences of life, any otherwise than she is supplied by one or two of her children, whose families in the meantime want the same at home, and very much defective and decayed in her understanding ..., September Term 1682 [EQC 8:388].
The court ordered that her sons, Samuel, Isaac and Thomas Colby, provide for her and sell what land was necessary to maintain her from the Colby estate [EQC 8:388].
The inventory of the estate of "the widow Susannah Whitridge who deceased July the 8th or thereabouts in the year of Grace 1689" was taken 9 September 1691 and totalled £151 15s. including real estate valued at £143: "5 acres of tillage"; "half the ferry meadow"; "a lot in the division called the great farms"; "a lot of upland in a division called [illegible]"; "a lot in the ox pasture division"; "a lot near the north meadow"; "a lot in Bugsmore division"; and "a lot in the great swamp" [EPR 304:400].
The final division of the estate of Susannah Whitridge on 5 August 1700 allowed a double portion to "Samll Coleby Eldest [surviving] Son" £1. 12s. 6d., and equal shares of 16s. 3d. to: "the children of John Colby..."; "the children of Isaac Colby..."; "the children of Thomas Colby..."; "the children of Sarah Colby..."; "the children of Rebeckah Colby..."; and "the children of Mary Colby..." [EPR 307:176-77].
BIRTH: Baptized Horbling, Lincolnshire, 8 September 1605 [GMC50 123].
DEATH: Salisbury 11 February 1660[/1].
MARRIAGE: By 1633 Susanna (_____) Waterman, widow of _____ WATERMAN of Boston (land "at first was granted to [blank] Waterman who deceased. Anthony Colbye married his widow & they two sold the said land unto James Pennyman..." [SLR 11:176-77]); she married (3) by 1663 William Whitridge (petitions as Susanna "Whittredge formerly Colbie" to sell real estate 28 March 1682 [EPR 1:409]); she died 8 July 1689.
i JOHN, bp. Boston 8 September 1633 [BChR 278]; m. Salisbury 14 January 1655 Frances Hoyt.
ii SARAH, b. say 1635; m. Salisbury 6 March 1653 Orlando Bagley.
iii SAMUEL, b. say 1639; m. by about 1668 Elizabeth Sargent (first recorded child b. Haverhill 1 June 1670), daughter of WILLIAM SARGENT. (William Sargent names "my daughter Elizabeth the wife of Samuel Colby" and two of her Colby children in his will written 24 March 1670/1 [EPR 2:438-39].)
iv ISAAC, b. Salisbury 6 July 1640; m. by 1669 Martha Parratt (eldest child b. Haverhill 24 January 1669/70) [Rowley Fam 266].
v REBECCA, b. Salisbury 11 March 1643; m. Haverhill 9 September 1661 John William Jr.
vi MARY, b. Salisbury 19 September 1647; m. Amesbury 23 September 1668 William Sargent, son of WILLIAM SARGENT. (Ordered to be whipped or pay a fine for fornication, 12 April 1670 [EQC 4:237].)
vii THOMAS, b. Salisbury 8 March 1650; m. Amesbury 16 September 1674 Hannah Rowell.
ASSOCIATIONS: His association with JOHN BOSWORTH, GARRETT HADDON and JOSEPH REDDING implies that he may have been a servant of SIMON BRADSTREET. This strongly supports the suggestion of John B. Threlfall that the Anthony Colby baptized at Horbling, Lincolnshire, was the immigrant [GMC50 123].
COMMENTS: Earlier writers erroneously placed Anthony Colby's origin in Beccles, Suffolkshire, but in 1975 Glade Ian Nelson showed that the Beccles Anthony was still in England long after the immigrant was settled in the Massachusetts Bay [TAG 51:65-71]. More recently John B. Threlfall made what appears to be the correct identification in Horbling, Lincolnshire [GMC50 123]. Anthony Colby was not at that time and in that area as rare a name as one might think, so the simple appearance of a baptism at about the right time is in itself not sufficient evidence. But the occurrence of a baptism in Horbling, the home of Simon Bradstreet, who seems to be indirectly connected with Colby, makes this very likely the correct solution to the problem.
The identity of Susannah _____ is one of the perennial mysteries of the period. Several authors have suggested that Susannah's maiden name was Haddon, given that Colby and Garrett Haddon were neighbors and associates. Others have suggested that she was the daughter of William Sargent, and others that she was a Nutting, all without support. Her identity is currently unknown. Among other defects to be found in the literature regarding Colby and his family, there is no obvious reason why Savage said there were four children earlier than Isaac and no support has been found for Sarah's birthdate given by Waterman.
Anthony Colby was ordered to build four rods of fence around the common lands in Cambridge in a list dated 2 January 1632/3 (but probably from a year or two later) [CaTR 5].
At Salem Court on 3 October 1637 "Anthony Colebie" of Ipswich sued John Hall of Saugus [EQC 1:6].
William Osgood and the other part-owners of the old mill at Salisbury were brought to task for failing to pay the town its share of lumber agreed upon in return for allowing the mill to be built on Salisbury land. Osgood had to sue the heirs of the other owners, including "Susan Whitrige, administratrix of Anthony Colbye," to recover boards for Salisbury, which he did at court September Term, 1682. Among the depositions establishing the number of boards due were several describing immigration into Essex County, such as that of John Pressy "aged about forty-four years, testified that the first summer he came into this country, in 1651 ... I do well remember that the saw mill at Salisbury was one thing that was accounted a rare thing and I did go to see it and I did see it going and sawing boards that very summer" [EQC 8:250, 373-75]. [1, 4]
||15 Aug 2011 |
||Thomas Colby, b. Abt 1566, Of Beccles, , Suffolk, England , d. 11 Feb 1661 |
||Beatrice Beatrix Felton, b. Abt 1568, Of Beccles, , Suffolk, England , d. Yes, date unknown |
||, , England
||Susanna Haddon, b. 1610-1613, London, London, England , d. 8 Jul 1689, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts |
||Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts
| ||1. John Colby, b. 8 Sep 1633, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts , d. 11 Feb 1674, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||2. Daughter Colby, b. 8 Sep 1633, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts , d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||3. Samuel Colby, b. 1636, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts , d. 5 Jul 1716, Amesbury, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||4. Child Colby, b. Abt 1637, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts , d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||5. Sarah Colby, b. 4 Mar 1637, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 18 May 1663, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts |
| ||6. Isaac Colby, b. 6 Jul 1640, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts , d. Bef 15 Apr 1684, Amesbury, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||7. Rebecca Colby, b. 11 Mar 1643, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 10 Jun 1672, Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||8. Mary Colby, b. 19 Sep 1647, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts , bur. Amesbury, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||9. Thomas Colby, b. 8 Mar 1650, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 30 Mar 1691, Amesbury, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||10. Amos Colby, b. 1654, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts , d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||11. Anthony Colby, b. Abt 1656, Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 11 Feb 1661|
||31 Aug 2006 |
- [S105009] Great Migration Begins, Robert Charles Anderson, (Boston : New England Historic Genealogical Society, c1995), CD containing all volumes..
- [S106103] Sargent Genealogy - William Sargent of Ipswich - 8 - 10th Generations, B. Felton Sargent, (Orlando, Florida, 1964), 10: (Reliability: 3).
- [S103537] Early Generations of the Descendants of Anthony Colby of Boston,~~Cambridge, Salisbury and Amesbury, Massachusetts.
- [S105165] Massachusetts, Essex County Wills, ( http://www.rootsweb.com/~maessex/wills/).