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John Churchill

Male Abt 1620 - 1662  (~ 42 years)


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  • Name John Churchill 
    Born Abt 1620  Muston, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1 Jan 1662  Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Notes 
    • Biographical Review Ply. Co. Mass 974.48 D3b Drew Genealogy 929.2 Plymouth Families #974.482/P3 D23d The Churchill Family in America by Gardner Asaph and Nathaniel Wiley Churchill.

      William T. Davis, in "Ancient Landmarks of Plymouth," page 331

      "John Churchill, the progenitor of the Churchill family, who appeared in Plymouth in 1643, settled at Hobbs hole. His land was on the Easterly side of the street, and extended from the southerly line of the field opposite to "Jabez Corner" to a point thirty feet distant from the southerly line of the estate of Branch Blackmer. Here he lived and died, but no tradition exist concerning the precise spot on which his house was situated. There are some indications, however, in the records, that the old house owned by Thomas B. Sears and Amos Leshure, which was built by Elkanah Churchill, the grandson of John, occupies the site of the ancient dwelling. After the death of Mr. Churchill, the estate fell into the hands of son Eleazer.

      Mr. Churchill had acquired by grant or purchase, quite a large land property. At his death, his eldest son, Joseph, was about sixteen years old. The widow with her six children, lived, evidently, in the 'new house," which he mentions as designed for Joseph, after the mother's death, while if Joseph marries before that event he is to have "the old dweiling-house." The widow was left the use of his whole property during her life. It is proper here to give some account of this wife and mother. Hannah (Pontus) Churchill was the daughter of William Pontus, who was at Plymouth as early as 1633, and was born in Holland or England in 1623.very little appears in the records of Plymouth concerning William Pontus, although he was a land-owner and a citizen of some prominence and influence in the colony, and a member of the Court 1636-1638 inclusive. It is therefore gratifying to the editor of this volume to be able to add something to the sum of our knowledge of the parents of Hannah Pontus, the ancestress of the numerous lines of this Plymouth branch of the Churchill's. In the notes of Mr. Charles B. Richardson, gathered in his researches, in the Records of Leyden, and published in the "Historica lMagazine," London and New York, December,1859, Vol. III., page 358--lists the names and occupation of some of the company of the Pilgrims who did not embark in the "Mayflower" are found. Among these are John Robinson, minister, from England; William Pautes(Pontus), fustian-worker, from Dover. On page 263 of same volume William Brewster is mentioned a witness on behalf of "William Pautes, fustian-worker, from near Dover on his marriage with Wybra Hauson, maid, on the 4 December,1610." Now Mary Pontus, the sister of Hannah, married, October 31, 1645, James Glass and in the Plymouth Colony Records,Vol.Viii., page 7, is found the birth of Wybra Glass, daughter of James and Mary, born August 9, 1649. The name Wybra, so uncommon, would seem to indicate a close relation between Wybra (Hanson) Pautes (Pontus), of Leyden, and this granddaughter of William Pontus. The wife of Mr.Pontus was living in 1633, but she is mentioned as "Good-wife Pontus, "See Mayflower Descendants," Vol. 1., page 160. They lived, probably, near the southwestern limits of the "Mile and a half tract," as by maps of 1701. He died Feb 9, 1653, leaving a small estate by will of 1650 to his two daughters. Mrs Hannah (Pontus) Churchill marred, June 25, 1669, Mr. Giles Rickard, as his third wife, and survived him six years. She died at Hobb's Hole, December 22, 1690, "in her sixty-seventh year."


      JOHN 1 CHURCHILL'S WILL AND INVENTORY
      TRANSCRIBED BY THE EDITOR

      THE will and inventory of John 1 Churchill, of Plymouth, recorded in the Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories, Book II, Part II, folios 82 and 83, are here printed in full, at the expense of Mr. John W. Churchill, of Plymouth, a descendant of John 1 Churchill, through his son Eleazer 2 Churchill.

      What purports to be a literal copy of this will and inventory was printed in "The Churchill Family of America , pages three, four and five; but that" copy is not exact, as will be evident on comparison with the copy here presented.

      [THE WIFE OF JOHN CHURCHILL, SR.]

      [On folio 82] The Will Nuncupative of John Churchill senir: late Deceased exhibited before the Court held att Plymouth the 3 of March 1662 Attested upon oath as followeth:

      Abigaill Clarke aged twenty yeares and † or theraboutes being Deposed saith; That on Tusday the 24th of December last past before the Date heerof; her kinsman viz John Churchill senir: being ill att ease but of pfect memory Did expresse him selfe in manor as followeth that his mind and will was that his son Josepth Churchill and his son Eliezer Churchill shall have and enjoy all his lands both uplands and meddowes within the Township of Plymouth excepting onely fifty acrees of land graunted to him by the Towne lying att Mannomett ponds; which hee gave then unto John Churchill his son; morover that his will was that his son William shall have his purchase land att Punckateesett viz: his share of the townes land there; further
      * This paragraph is on the outer margin of the page.
      † The word "and" was crossed out, in the same ink.

      John 1 Churchill's Will and Inventory41

      that hee Did expresse him selfe that his son Josepth shall have his New house att his wifes Death and for the use of all the lands aforsaid that they shalbee for the use and Improvement of his wife as long as shee lives; and that hee alsoe said that incase Joseph should marry or bee for him selfe that then hee should have the use of the old Dwelling house and some land to make use of; and as for his estate remaining hee said, that hee knew not whether there would bee any thing left when his Children were brought up or noe; but if his wife Could spare it then that Josepth should have a yeake of oxen and Eliezer a yeake of oxen and Hannah a Cow if not two and incase any thinge should bee left att his wifes Decease that then such of his Children as have had nothinge in prticulare as above given them should have what is left in equall proportions to equallice what is given to them forenamed as farr as it will goe

      The oath of Abigaill Clarke taken in the Court held att Plymouth the third Day of March 1662

      Attested p me Nathaniel Morton; Clarke:

      Att the Court of his Matte held att Plymouth in New England the 2nd Day of March anno Dom 1668 Joseph Churchill Came before the said Court and alowed approved Rattifyed and Confeirmed the will of his father John Churchill Deceased above expressed in all and every the prticulars therof; the said Will and Testament to stand remaine and Continew unalterable and Inviolable for ever

      [fol. 83] An Inventory of the goods and Chattles of John Churchill late Deceased apprised by those underwritten on the 11th of ffebruary 266, and exhibited to the Court held att Plymouth the third of March one thousand six hundred sixty two as followeth:
      £ s d
      Impr: 4 oxen16 00 00
      Item 2 Cowes06 00 00
      Item 2 heiffers supposed to bee with Calfe05 00 00
      Item 2 steers of 2 yeares old and an heiffer of 2 yeares old07 00 00
      Item a yearling steer01 00 00
      Item 2 steer Calves01 10 00
      Item 2 sowes and three piggs01 10 00
      Item 2 featherbed teekes not full03 10 00
      Item 4 blanketts01 10 00
      Item 3 pair of sheets02 00 00
      Item 2 pillowes and 4 pillow beers01 00 00
      42John 1 Churchill's Will and Inventory
      Item 5 napkins and a Table Cloth00 06 00
      Item his wearing Clothes06 00 00
      Item stokers and shooes and an home made coate01 00 00
      Item a hatt00 08 00
      Item 3 shirts00 12 00
      Item bands and handkerchifes00 08 00
      Item a great brasse kettle01 00 00
      Item a belmettle skillett00 02 06
      Item 2 great Iron potts01 10 00
      Item an old kettle & an Iron skillett00 00 s 00
      Item pot hookes and pot hangers & an old Iron ladle00 04 00
      Item a paire of tonges & a fier shovell00 02 00
      Item 4 pewter platters00 12 00
      Item 2 pewter basons one Drinking pott and seaven Alcomy spoones
      00 05 00
      Item in earthen ware00 08 00
      Item 2 treyes 7 trenchers & some other wooden vessell00 04 00
      Item 2 hogsheds 4 barrells00 10 00
      Item 2 beer barrells and a Chern & a washing tubb00 08 00
      Item a trundell bedsteed 2 Cheirs & 2 old tables00 10 00
      Item 2 axes a morticeing axe and 2 hatchetts00 08 00
      Item 2 pickaxes 3 hoes00 06 00
      Item 2 augers & some other smale iron tooles00 03 00
      Item 5 wedges & a beetle ringe00 00 s 00
      Item 2 guns05 10 00
      Item a sword & shott pouch 2 pound of powderand 4 pound of shott00 12 00
      Item 2 spining wheels and three paire of Cards00 10 00
      Item meale baggs and sackes & a sitting trough00 10 00
      Item one fan 2 Corn seives and 2 meale seives00 10 00
      Item 2 Cow bells00 01 00
      Item a Cart and wheeles01 00 00
      Item 2 Chaines a bolt and shakle00 08 00
      Item one wainhead yeake the ring and staple 2 sting yeake with hookes & staples00 10 00
      Item one plough share & Coulter00 08 00
      Item 3 sythes & 3 sickles00 10 00
      Item in bookes00 06 00
      Item in old lumber00 05 00
      suma74 14 14

      by us
      Nathaniell Morton
      Ephraim Morton

      Debts Due from the estate£ s d
      Item to Robert finney06 00 00
      Item in other smale Debts01 00 00



      Abstracts of the Oldest Wills:

      John Churchill, Sen'r (Plymouth)

      Nuncupative will exhibited at court May 3, 1662. Abigail Clark aged 20 yrs, deposes that on Tuesday, 24th Dec last, her kinsman, J. C. Senr being ill, did express himself in manner &c, as followeth, that he gave to his son Joseph Eleazer lands at Plymouth, and to sons John and William other property, all of which was confirmed by Joseph.

      Inventory (74p.14s 6d) by Nathl & Ephraim Morton



      John Churchill was born in 1613 in Dorset County, England, in a town called Muston. He married Hannah Pontus December 18, 1644 in Plymouth, Massachusetts. He died January 1, 1662.

      John's father was also named John Churchill. For the biography of the father, click on FATHER.

      Our John Churchill of Plymouth may have emigrated to the New World to escape a civil war breaking out in England in 1642. It is also possible he was escaping poverty in his home town of Dorchester where farmland was scarce. He was not deeply religious like the Pilgrims. Anyhow, we do know that he was in Plymouth by 1643, more than 20 years after the first Mayflower, ready to marry and be a farmer.

      At 30, Hannah Pontus was rather old in 1644 when she married John Churchill. However, she was related to Governor Bradford, so John was politically well-connected by marrying Hannah. Despite her age, Hannah provided John with six children.

      John bought Richard Higgins' farm August 18, 1645, probably with help from Governor Bradford. The deed written out by Mr. Higgins says that the buyer was "John Churchwell."

      John Churchill (or Churchwell) was propounded a freeman June 4, 1650, and "admitted" to vote on June 5, 1651. He was doing well financially, because a man who was poor would not have been allowed to vote in those days.

      John bought 10 acres of upland on October 20, 1652, after his father-in-law died, using money his wife Hannah had inherited from her dad.

      The occupation of John Churchill was listed as that of a "planter." His home was located in Plymouth at a place known locally as "Hobbs Hole." He died in 1662, leaving behind six young children, the oldest being only 16 [2]
    Person ID I593927  7_families
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2006 

    Father John Churchill,   b. 1603, Muston, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 May 1682, Steeple, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Mother Mrs. Sarah Churchill,   b. Abt 1602, Steeple, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 23 Oct 1678, Steeple, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years) 
    Married 23 May 1619  Steeple, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F215143  Group Sheet

    Family Hannah Pontus,   b. 1614, Leyden, Zuid, Holland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Dec 1690, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Married 18 Dec 1644  Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. Joseph Churchill,   b. 1647, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +2. Hannah Churchill,   b. 12 Nov 1649, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jul 1721, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)
    +3. Eliezer Churchill,   b. 20 Apr 1652, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Mar 1716, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     4. Mary Churchill,   b. 1 Aug 1654, Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +5. William Churchill,   b. 1656, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1722, Plympton, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
    +6. John Churchill,   b. 1657, Plympton, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jun 1723, Plympton, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
     7. Henry Churchill,   b. Abt 1659, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1715  (Age ~ 56 years)
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2006 
    Family ID F214963  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1620 - Muston, Dorsetshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 18 Dec 1644 - Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1 Jan 1662 - Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    Dispute of Winston Churchill's Pedigree
    Dispute of Winston Churchill's Pedigree

  • Sources 
    1. [S407] Massachusetts, Plymouth, Plymouth - Vital Records to 1850, Lee Douglas van Antwerp (Main Author), Ruth Wilder Sherman (Added Author), (Camden, Me. : Picton Press, c1993), 663 (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S311] Mayflower Descendant, (Wheat Ridge, CO: Search & Research Publishing Corporation, 1996), v18 (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S407] Massachusetts, Plymouth, Plymouth - Vital Records to 1850, Lee Douglas van Antwerp (Main Author), Ruth Wilder Sherman (Added Author), (Camden, Me. : Picton Press, c1993), 655 (Reliability: 3).