Abt 1617 - 1681
||George Abbott |
||, Yorkshire, England
||22 May 1617
||Bishop's Stortford, Herfordshire, England 
||from Yorkshire, England in 1637 on the same vessel with Hannah Chandler who later became his wife.  |
||24 Dec 1681
||Andover, Essex, Massachusetts [1, 3]
- GEORGE ABBOTT, Senior, married Hannah Chandler, at an early period in the town history. She was sister of Thomas Chandler, and daughter of William Chandler, of Roxbury. The descendants of George Abbot, Sen., have been very numerous and influential. They include, among others, John Abbot, deputy to the General Court, 1701; Dea. Isaac Abbot, graduate of Harvard College, 1723; Abiel Abbot, graduate of Harvard College, 1737, who died while fitting for the ministry; Dr. Abiel Abbot, surgeon in the French and Indian wars; Capt. John Abbot, of the French and Indian War, and of the Revolutionary War; Capt. Henry Abbot and Capt. Stephen Abbot, in the Revolutionary service; The descendants of George Abbot, Sen., on the two hundredth anniversary of the settlement of the town, erected a monument to his memory in the South Church Burying Ground.
Born in England, Was one of the first settlers of Andover A. D. 1643. Where in 1647 be married HANNAH CHANDLER. He died Dec 1681 aet 66. She died June 1711 aet 82. Their descendants in reverence for their moral worth and Christian virtues Erected this monument A. D. 1843.
The will of George Abbot is noticeable for its tribute to the fidelity and virtues of his wife.
"Considering the great love & affection I beare unto my loving wife Hannah Abbot and also considering her tender love and respect she hath had to me and also considering her care and diligence in helping to gett and save what God hath blessed us withall, and also her prudence in management of the same, I doe therefore leave my whole estate to her & for her use during the time of her naturall life and at her death my will is that with the advice of my overseers .... shall dispose of my estate that her necessity doth not enforce to spend amongst my children." ....
It was also the will of the father that if "any of the sons
(1) He was buried, doubtless, at North Andover, as there was no other burial place when he died.
(2) Essex Registry of Deeds, vol. iv., p. 44. should be guilty of disobedient carriage "toward their mother, they should be "cutt short" in their portion
The "overseers" alluded to were "my loving brothers Thomas Chandler & William Chandler & my loving friend John Barker." The will was signed 12th December, 1681. The inventory of the estate was L587 12S. 5d. Some facts, culled from the "Genealogical Register," are of general interest, showing the marriage connections made by the children of George and Hannah Abbot, with the sons and daughters of the other first settlers, from which unions sprang at least seventy-three grandchildren:--
John, b. 1648, m. 1673 Sarah, dr. of Richard Barker.
George, b. 1655, m. 1678 Dorcas, dr. of Mark Graves.
William, b. 1657, m. 1682 Elizabeth Gray, dr. of Robert(?)
Benjamin, b. 1661, m. 1685 Elizabeth, dr. of Ralph Farnum.
Timothy, b. 1663, m. 1717 Mary Foster . . . .
Thomas, b. 1666, m. 1697 Hannah Gray.
Nathaniel, b. 1671, m. 1695 Dorcas Hibbert.
Hannah, b. 1650, m. 1676 John Chandler, son of Thomas.
Sarah, b. 1659, m. 1680 Ephraim Stevens, son of John.
Elizabeth, b. 1673, m. 1692 Nathan Stevens, son of John.
The mother of this family, the widow Hannah Abbot, became the third wife of the Rev. Francis Dane. She was, at the death of her first husband, fifty-two years of age. There is before the writer an original deed of "HANNAH ABBOT alias DANE." It is the only deed found in which a woman alone conveys real estate. It was made, of course, after the death of both her husbands. The paper is as follows:--
"Know all men by These presents that I Hannah Abbott: alias Dane Relick to gorg Abbott late of Andover deceased for the natural afectean I bare to my sons:
Timothy: Thomas: and Nathaniel Abbott: doe give to my sons: above named: all my rights in the common and undivided land in the Township of Andover aforesaid: which doth or may heareafter belong to the lott of my former husband: gorg Abbott late of Andover deceased: To have and to hold the abovesaid .... [and so forth in legal tautology]
(1) Other children died,-- one infant, Joseph; one son, Joseph, slain by Indians, 1676.
86 HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF ANDOVER
"Whereto I have hereunto set my hand and seal: this:10:of February:1706-7.
The mark of
HANNAH (H) ABBOT
"Mrs Hannah Dane the relick of Mr francis Dane personally appeared in andeure this 2d of December 1707: and owned this above written Instrument to be Hir voluntary act and deed before me. THOMAS NOYES Justice of the peace. "
John Abbot, the eldest son of the first settler, George Abbot, was the first deacon of the South Church. He died 1721. He made his will 1716. It and the wills of John Abbots, third, fourth, and fifth generation, are in possession of Mr. John Abbot, seventh generation, who lives on the homestead, and is the seventh John Abbot who has lived there. This homestead is in Andover South Parish, on Central Street, west of the South Church. Doubtless George Abbot, Sen., removed thither from his first residence at the north part of the town (some time before 1676, if the family tradition be correct, that this was the scene of the Indian attack in April, 1676). The will of John Abbot gives some particulars respecting the mode of life of the wife and mother in early time at Andover,-- the "relict," as she is styled:--
"I order my executors to take the whole care to provide for their bonoured mother, after my decease. first, she shall have the liberty of which roome she pleases for to live in, and my executors to provide for her sutable clothing of all sorts, for Lining and wooling, and meat, drinke and washing and firewood and candels; the wood to be cut and brought into the house, and phisicke and tendance in case of sickness, and whatever she wants for her comfort so long as she remains my widow if it be to the day of her death, and at her death, I order my executors to give there honored mother a decent and Christian Burial, If she dyes my widow, but if she shall seeason to marry again then my executors to be free from what I have ordered them to do for her."
One of the daughters, Priscilla, received a portion of the property, for which her receipt (with autograph signature) remains:--
"May 5, 1722 Received of my brothers John Abbot & Joseph Abbot executors, tow cows and six sheep which was given to me by the will of my honered father John Abbot late deceased PRISCILA ABBOT
Priscilla Abbot was never married. She is the first of whom any special record remains of the great company of "old maids" of Andover. In point of age she stands first. At her death, she lacked only a few weeks of being one hundred years old. She was born 1691, 7th July; died 1791, 24tb May. She was of great service as a nurse in Andover families. She is described as "mild and meek, kind and cheerful, industrious, pious, and contented."
A grand-niece of this estimable woman, Sarah Abbot, daughter of Ephraim Abbot, was another remarkable single woman. She was "help" in the family of the Hon. Samuel Phillips, North Andover. After his death, she took care of the farm,-- raised a nursery of a thousand trees, which she grafted and sold profitably. She lived to the age of ninety-four (1737- 1831). She was a large, strong woman, as able for outdoor work as housework. She was blind before she died, and being unable to give up her out-door exercise, used to walk by a rope.
The names of these women are not selected as representative of the women of the Abbot family, or of Andover, or as models, but simply given as the few which, from their being out of the ordinary course of woman's life, have become traditional. Those who from choice or necessity stepped aside out of the beaten path of woman's dependence are, as a consequence, conspicuous, while the names of others, many of whom were equal in merit, and superior in mental and social culture, are lost in oblivion, or are kept only in the unwritten memory of family affection and reverence. The only printed memorial of the mother of Prof. John Abbot, Dr. Benjamin Abbot, and Rev. Abiel Abbot, D. D., is a sentence that she was a woman of "good understanding, sound discretion, active benevolence, and unfeigned piety." It is high praise; and yet it might, no doubt, truly be said of hundreds of women of this name and of other names who are unknown, because the unobtrusiveness of their lives and the custom of the time have kept them from finding a record.
Besides the ancient homestead of George Abbot, Sen., that of his son, Timothy Abbot, is of special interest. It is now owned by Mr. Asa A. Abbot, and Mr. Sylvester Abbot, who hold the original deeds of its transmission from the first occupant. Timothy Abbot was, when a lad of thirteen, carried into captivity by the Indians. [See Chapter II.]. Mr. Asa A. Abbot, now eighty years old, remembers hearing his great grandmother (who had seen Timothy Abbot) tell the legends of his captivity and of his suffering from hunger.
A volume would hardly suffice to trace the descent and the topics of historic interest in connection with the Abbot name in the line of George Abbot, Senior.
George and his bride went to live in a house in Andover, which had been originally called Cochichawiche. The house was built of rough hand-hewn, or sawed logs that George had spent two years in building. Old records indicate that the house stood on a plot of about four acres on the east side of what is now Court Street, North Andover, a short distance north of the old burial place and meeting house. In this area, the houses were built close together to afford protection for each other in case of Indian attacks.
Later, George and Hanna lived in a garrison house on their farm land, two or three miles to the southwest on what is now Central Street in Andover. This house was built of heavy hewn or sawed logs with the corners securely fastened, the eaves extending out over the walls by two feet or more, so that in case of attack, the defenders could fire down upon the enemy or pour water to put out a fire if started.
George and Hannah had thirteen children, eight sons and five daughters. Their first child, John was born March 2, 1648. The second child, also a son, Joseph, died when little more than a year old. This was the first recorded death in the town of Andover. Eleven survived to maturity.
The fourth child, also named Joseph, was the first settler at Andover to be killed by Indians. He and a younger brother, Timothy, were at work in the fields when the Indians attacked one morning in April, 1676 during what is now known as King Philip's War. The brothers defended themselves with firearms but were overwhelmed before they could reach the safety of the garrison house. Joseph was killed and Timothy, a boy of eleven, was carried off as a prisoner. After suffering great hardships at the hands of his captors, he was returned some months later near the point of starvation.
The garrison house was the home of the family until 1704 when it was replaced by a structure which later became known as "The Old Red House." This stood until 1858 when it was torn down to be replaced with the first section of a fine, large house which is still occupied by Abbotts descended from George's eldest son, John.
At the time of her husband's death, Hannah was fifty-two, had been married thirty-five years and borne thirteen children, four of whom were still under age.
George and Hannah, as well as the Reverend Dane, undoubtedly were buried in the "old burial place" at North Andover Center. Time and the elements, with some help from vandals, have completely obliterated all markers in the older part of the cemetery; so, their actual resting places are unknown. Hannah's will, dated February 10, 1707, is also on record and is considered as remarkable since it is said to be the only will of the time on record in which a woman alone conveys real estate after the death of her husband.
||31 Aug 2006 |
||George Abbott, c. 28 May 1587, Bishop's Stortford, Herfordshire, England , d. 1615 |
||Mrs. Elizabeth Abbott, b. Abt 1595, Of Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire, England , d. Yes, date unknown |
||Hannah Chandler, b. 23 May 1629-1630, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 2 Jun 1711, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts |
||12 Dec 1646-1647
||Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts
| ||1. Elizabeth Abbott, b. 9 Feb 1673, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 4 May 1750|
| ||2. John Abbot, b. 2 Mar 1648, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 19 Mar 1721|
| ||3. Joseph Abbot, b. 17 Mar 1649, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 24 Jun 1650, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts |
|>||4. Hannah Abbott, b. 9 Jun 1650, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 2 Mar 1741, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||5. Joseph Abbot, b. 30 Mar 1652, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 8 Apr 1676, Killed By Indians |
|>||6. George Abbot, b. 7 Jun 1655, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 27 Feb 1736|
| ||7. William Abbot, b. 18 Nov 1657, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 24 Oct 1713|
| ||8. Sarah Abbot, b. 14 Nov 1659, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 28 Jun 1711|
| ||9. Benjamin Abbot, b. 20 Dec 1661, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 30 Mar 1703|
| ||10. Timothy Abbot, b. 17 Nov 1663, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 9 Sep 1730|
| ||11. Thomas Abbot, b. 6 Mar 1666, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 28 Apr 1728, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||12. Edward Abbot, b. 1668, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. Young, Drowned |
|>||13. Nathaniel Abbot, b. 4 Jul 1671, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 1 Dec 1749, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts |
| ||14. Elizabeth Abbot, b. 9 Feb 1673, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts , d. 4 May 1750|
||31 Aug 2006 |
- [S108135] New England Historical and Genealogical Register, (Boston : New England Historic Genealogical Society, c1978-1983. 136 volumes.), 85:4 (Reliability: 3).
- [S109471] The Chandler Family, George Chandler, (Worchester, Mass : C. Hamilton, 1883. vi, 1315 p.,  leaves of plates. FHL Film # 824090), FHL Film # 824090., 4: (Reliability: 3).
- [S109471] The Chandler Family, George Chandler, (Worchester, Mass : C. Hamilton, 1883. vi, 1315 p.,  leaves of plates. FHL Film # 824090), FHL Film # 824090., 4: George Abbott died on 24 Dec 1681, old style, at the age of 66. (Reliability: 4).