| 1778 - 1843
||25 Jun 1778
||Elizabethtown, Union, New Jersey [1, 2]
||Sparta, Dearborn, Indiana 
- Daniel Mulford: Males: 2 under 5, 1 - 30 to 40, 1 - 60 to 70. Females: 1 - 30 to 40.
||South Sparta Church Cemetery, Moores Hill, Dearborn, Indiana
||11 Oct 1843
||Dillsboro, Dearborn, Indiana 
||Sycamore, Hamilton, Ohio 
- James F. Mulford, 36, farmer, property $500, born in Ohio. Jenny Mulford, 32, born in Ohio. Amanda M. Mulford, 9, born in Indiana. Almira Mulford, 7, born in Indiana. Minerva Mulford, 6, born in Indiana. Jasper Mulford, 4, born in Ohio. Arvilla Mulford, 2, born in Ohio. James F. Mulford, 11 mos, born in Ohio. Mary Mulford, 71, born in Pennsylvania. Mary Myers, 35, born in Ohio.
- DANIEL MULFORD CHAPTER ONE THE EARLY YEARS 1778-1799
Daniel Mulford was born on Thursday, June 25th, 1778 at Elizabeth, Essex County, New Jersey. This father was Benjamin Mulford, who was born on Saturday, January 8th, 1752, in Elizabeth, Essex County, NewJersey. His mother, Anna, was born on Wednesday, November 23rd, 1757, in Elizabeth, Essex County, New Jersey. In 1778 the Americans signed treaties with France and Holland. Washington defeated the British at Monmouth, New Jersey while the British captured Savannah, Georgia.
In 1779 the British surrendered to the Americans at Vincennes. 1780 marked the fall of Charleston, S.C. to the British. Also former war hero Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West Point is revealed. 1781 marked the British capitulation at Yorktown as well as the withdrawal from Charleston and Savannah. The Montgolfier brothers construct a hot air balloon in 1782. Great Britain recognized American independence in 1783. So, by the time Daniel Mulford began school, he did so in a newly recognized nation, the United States of America.
In 1788 the U.S Constitution was ratified by New Hampshire,then in the state. New York was declared the federal capitol. The first U.S.Congress met in New York in 1789. George Washington was inaugurated as President, John Adams as Vice President, Thomas Jefferson as Secretary of State, Alexander Hamilton as Secretary of the Treasury. Meanwhile the French are in the midst of their revolution. In 1790 Philadelphia becomes the U.S.capitol. Vermont became a State in 1791. The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, the Bill of Rights, were also ratified in 1791. Kentucky became a State in 1792. There are two political parties in the United States. The Republicans under Thomas Jefferson and the Federalists under Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. In 1793 Louis XVI was decapitated then Queen Marie Antoinette was guillotined in France.
In 1794 in Indiana, Indians constantly attacked the early settlers. The Miami, led by Chief Little Turtle, burned several villages and killed many white settlers. In 1794, federal troops under General Anthony Wayne defeated the Miami in the Battle of Fallen Timbers along the Maumee River near what is now Toledo, Ohio. This battle would allow the Mulfords and other settlers to eventually move into Indiana. The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is added. John Adams was elected President of the United States in 1796. He defeated Thomas Jefferson who is elected Vice President. The Indiana region became part of the Northwest Territory in 1797. 1799 was the year George Washington died. America movedinto anewcentury.
DANIEL MULFORD CHAPTER TWO THE EARLY 1800's 1800-1819
Daniel Mulford married Mary Jelly in Washington County, Ohio, on Thursday, May 8th, 1800. This is on the southeastern corner of Ohio along the Ohio River, near West Virginia and Pennsylvania borders. Mary Jelly was born on Monday, July 10th, 1780, in Pennsylvania.
The first child was Elizabeth Mulford. She was born March 20th,1801. She died on December 11, 1801. Benjamin Mulford was born on Tuesday, August 17th, 1802, at Clermont, Clermont County, Ohio. Of course, at this time Ohio was not even a State. This location is on the southwest corner of Ohio along the Ohio River. Benjamin received his preliminary education in Clermont. Daniel Mulford was a farmer at this time.
In Europe in 1802 Napoleon became first consul for life. On March 1st, 1803 Ohio became the 17th state. Also in 1803 the Louisiana Purchase allowed the purchase of land from the Gulf of Mexico to the northwest from France. In 1804 Alexander Hamilton was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr. The 12th Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution. Ann Mulford was the third child. She was born on October 26th, 1804. Then Thomas Jefferson was re-elected president of the United States. In 1805 there was a break between the U.S. and Britain over trade with the West Indies. 1806 was the year of the Burr plot in the U.S.. Hugh Jelly Mulford was born on Christmas Eve, December 24th, 1806. He was the fourth child. Hugh Jelly Mulford was named after his maternal grandfather. International political issuese merged in 1807. The Chesapeake incident occurred between the U.S.and Britain. The U.S. Embargo Act against Britain and France became law. In 1808 the U.S. prohibited the importation of slaves from Africa. After Illinois became a separate territory, Indiana had almost the same boundaries as it does today. James Madison becomes the fourth President ofthe U.S. Benjamin Mulford attended school in Clermont, Ohio at this time. The emphasis was on reading, writing and arithmetic. Also, Daniel Mulford was born on August 9th, 1808. He was the fifth child of this marriage. He was named after his father.
Phoebe Mulford was born on February 7th, 1810. She was the sixth child. In 1810 Simon Bolivar emerged as the principal figure in South American politics. Irenah Mulford was born on September 9th, 1811. She was the seventh child. In 1811, Territorial governor, General William Henry Harrison, tried to pacify the Indians by buying some of their lands in the southern third of the territory. Nevertheless, several tribes banded together, obtained guns and powder from the British, and prepared for war.
Harrison defeated the Indians in the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. In 1812 Louisiana became the 18th state. Benjamin Mulford continued to attend school in the one room schoolhouse in Clermont, Ohio as the events in the outside world continued. Benjamin would have to do various chores such as feeding the chickens, feeding the livestock, helping plant crops, de-tasseling the corn, weeding the fields and helping to harvest the crops.
Meanwhile, Daniel did the heavy work with the workhorses, plows and like. The British were denying Americans freedom of the sea (i.e.,free trade with Napoleonic France) and were impressing U.S. seamen. The U.S. President, Madison, declared war on Britain on June 1,1812. Congress declared war on June 18, 1812. At the time this war began Benjamin Mulford was 10 years old and his father, Daniel was reaching forty years. Daniel was called to war as part of the militia. Nearly all the major battles of this war were north of Ohio and New York along the border with British-controlled Canada. James Madison defeated DeWit Clinton to become the fourth U.S. president. The United States made three attacks into Canada in 1812. The first was from Detroit into Canada. This failed and the British counter attack captured both Detroit and Ft. Dearborn (Chicago). The second attack was on the Niagara River but this too failed.
The third attack was from Plattsburgh, N.Y. but this too failed when the militia refused to cross the border. At Raisin River, a detachment of Kentucky troops were defeated by a combined British and Indian force. The British left the wounded Americans with the Indians.These wounded and helpless Americans were massacred by the Indians onJanuary 22nd, 1813. In April 1813, Americans captured York (Toronto) and Fort St.George. Perry destroyed the British fleet on Lake Erie and forced the British to retreat from Detroit. Then, Indian tribes, backed by the British, were defeated by General William Henry Harrison, in the Battle of the Thames River in 1813. Tecumseh, a noted Indian warrior, was killed in this battle. This ended most of the major Indian battles. This was where Daniel Mulford saw his action. Most of the battles were with Indians rather than the British. Corydon became the new capitol of the territory in 1813. In 1813 the British-American War took many turns. Meanwhile, the British H.M.S. Shannon captured the U.S. frigate Chesapeake.
Detroit was reoccupied by the U.S. Nevertheless, U.S. forces were defeated at Chrysler's Farm near Montreal and burned Newark (Niagara-on-the-Lake). British forces took Fort Niagara and burned Buffalo. South of the border, Mexico declared itself independent and Simon Bolivar became dictator of Venezuela. On June 28th, 1813, James Findley Mulford was born. He was the eighth child.
In 1814, Napoleon had been defeated and Britain sent 18,000 veteran troops to Canada thus ending U.S. hopes of capturing Canada. The Americans defeated the British at Chippewa in July 1814. Then the Battleof Lundy's Lane ended in a draw. Meanwhile, the British burnt Washington, D.C. The Treaty of Ghent ends the British-American war on December 24th, 1814. On January 8th, 1815 the Americans defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans before news of the Treaty of Ghent arrived in America. Mary A. Mulford was born on May 8th, 1815. She was the ninth child.
In 1816 James Monroe was elected the fifth president of the United States.
On December 11th, 1816, Indiana joined the Union as the 19th state. The population totaled 75,000 people. On January 10th, 1817, Mary Mulford had triplets. They named them Abraham Mulford, Isaac Mulford and Jacob Mulford. All the babies were premature and underweight. Jacob died on January 26th, 1817. Isaac died on January 30th, 1817. Abraham died on February 3rd, 1817. These were the tenth, eleventh and twelfth children of the marriage. Multiple births are extremely common in the Mulford line. Of the first 3,520 direct descendants of Thomas Mulford analyzed, 88 were multiple births. This included 6 sets of triplets and 82 sets of twins. This meant exactly 1 in 40 births were multiple births. While some multiple births might be subject to double recording the same is true for other children. Further, it is actually more likely that additional multiple births were not recorded, since they were more than likely to die at birth or a researcher may have believed he was recording of the same birthdate was in error.
In 1817, Mississippi became the 20th state. Meanwhile,Simon Bolivar declared an independent government in Venezuela. In 1818 the state government of Indiana bought the center of the state from the Indians in "The New Purchase Pact." Settlers soon came to central Indiana. In 1818 the border between the U.S. and Canada was fixed as the 19th parallel.
Other genealogical records show the birth of an Oliver Spencer Mulford on February 5th, 1818 as well as infants on March 12th, 1821, April 5th, 1822 and April 10th, 1823, plus a Lavina Mulford on August 20th, 1824. This would make seventeen children. While these additional births may have occurred it is also possible an overzealous and possibly inaccurate researcher incorrectly attached these children to this marriage. In any event, Daniel and Mary Mulford had a very large family to care foron the farm. Also in 1818, Illinois became the 21st U. S. State. In 1819 Florida was purchased from Spain. Also in 1821 Alabama became the 22nd state. Benjamin worked on the family farm in all capacities.
DANIEL MULFORD CHAPTER THREE THE 1820's IN OHIO 1820-1832
In 1820 the Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri to enter as a slave state and Maine as the 23rd (free) state. Further, in 1820 the U.S. Land Law fixed the price of land at a minimum of $1.25 an acre. Also, in 1820 James Monroe won re-election as president of the U.S. In 1821 Missouri becomes the 24th U.S. state. Also in 1821, Simon Bolivar defeated the Spanish army at Carabobo and thus ensured the independence of Venezuela. In 1822 Augustin de Iturbide becomes Emperor of Mexico. In 1823, Mexico becomes a republic as Emperor Augustin de Iturbide is forced to abdicate. Also in 1823, the Monroe Doctrine closes the American continent to colonial settlements by European powers. In 1824, Indianapolis was chosen as the capitol of Indiana due to its central location. Also in 1824, the U.S.House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams as president when none of the four candidates wins a majority in the national elections. The U.S. also signed its frontier treaty with Russia. Benjamin continued to work on the family farm.
Benjamin Mulford married Mary Legg on Thursday, October 4th, 1827 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Mary Legg was born on Monday,February 22nd, 1808 in Boone County, Kentucky. Mary Legg was educated at Cincinnati, Ohio, where she had lived until their marriage at the present site of the Cincinnati zoo. Their first child was Oliver Spencer Mulford who was born on Tuesday, July 22nd, 1828. In 1828 Andrew Jackson defeated John Quincy Adams to become the fourth President of the United States. In 1829 slavery was abolished in Mexico. In 1830 Joseph Smith founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints which would lead to a huge genealogical collection. After Oliver Spencer Mulford's birth, additional children of Benjamin and Mary Mulford included John Legg Mulford who was born on July 30th, 1831. Then, at the age of 29,Benjamin Mulford and family decided to move west to Indiana. Daniel Mulford would join them.
DANIEL MULFORD CHAPTER THREE THE 1830's IN INDIANA 1832-1843
In 1832 Benjamin Mulford and family moved from Ohio to Indiana. There he moved to Sparta Township and bought one hundred and sixty acres of land at a cost of three hundred dollars. Benjamin Mulford was one of the first settlers in Dearborn County, Indiana. Benjamin proceeded to build a house on this land and began to till the soil. Livestock was raised as well. The farm was self-sufficient in almost all aspects. Daniel Mulford would soon follow.
In 1832 Andrew Jackson was re-elected as the seventh President of the new "Democrat Party". By coincidence, this was the same year the word "socialism" came into use in English and French. In 1833 the Whig Party is formed in the USA. Slavery is abolished in the British Empire. In 1834 the Spanish Inquisition, began in the 13th Century, finally is suppressed.
Also in 1834 Benjamin Mulford bought an adjoining forty acres. Benjamin Mulford traded a house for this land. In 1835 the Second Seminole War began and continued until 1842. Also in 1835, Haley's Comet reappeared and was part of the evening entertainment in the sepre-television days.
Mary Mulford's parents were John and Constance Legg, both from Scotland.They were both very young upon their arrival in the United States. They had settled in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and were married there. Then the Leggs moved on to Boone County, Kentucky where they bought a farm. The Leggs sold this farm in a few years and then moved to Spartatownship, Dearborn County, Indiana where their daughter Mary and son-in-law Benjamin Mulford were farming. The Legg farm of one hundred sixty acres was purchased from a Mr. Kellogg. The Leggs eventually sold this farm to Benjamin Mulford and moved to Clay Township by Dillsboro. Mrs. Legg died in 1837.
In 1836 Texas revolted from Mexico who refused to recognize its independence. The Mexican government threatened the U.S. with war if it admitted Texas as a state. Mexican general Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna approached the San Antonio area in late February 1836. Santa Anna's army of 5,000 combat trained regulars with horses, new muskets and artillery stood against 150 American irregulars in the in the small Spanish mission of the Alamo. 32 men from Gonzales passed through Mexican lines to aid in the defense of the Alamo. Lieutenant Colonel William Barret Travis commanded the Texan defenders. These defenders included Davy Crockett, American frontiersman/politician, James Bowie ofthe Bowie knife fame and several others. The siege began on February 23rd,1836. By March 5th,1836 the defender's ammunition had run low convincing Santa Anna the small fort could be taken. The defenders, although wounded and without ammunition, used their muskets as clubs and bayonets as weapons against the Mexican horde. All but six of the men, one supposedly being Davy Crockett, were killed at the Alamo. General Santa Anna ordered these sixmen executed. Only Mrs. Dickinson, a wife of one of the officers, her baby, her Mexican nurse and a Negro boy were allowed to leave to tell the story.
This American Thermopylae allowed General Sam Houston to gather his forces and gain independence for Texas. On April 21st Houston's army defeated the entire Mexican army, captured Santa Anna and forced him to sign a treaty granting Texas independence. In 1836 Texas won independence from Mexico and became a republic with General Sam Houston as its first President. In 1836 Martin Van Buren is elected the eighth president of the USA.
The third child of Benjamin and Mary Mulford was Benjamin Franklin Mulford was born about January 1837 and died young. Clarisa Mulford was the fourth child. She was born on December 10th, 1837. Also in 1837 a financial panic occurs in America due to inflated land prices, wildcat banking and paper speculation. While the panic did affect how much the farmers could sell it had little effect on the nearly self-sufficient Indiana farmers. While Benjamin Mulford took interest in world politics he was more concerned with the potential problems with Indians and western expansion then he was with problems with European powers. At this time, the U.S. navy had 15 ships in 1838 compared to England's 90, Russia's 50 and France's 49. Benjamin Mulford considered this sufficient. Benjamin raised cattle, pigs and sheep. He also plowed his fields with horse and oxen-drawn plows. The family made most of their household goods as well. Benjamin would supplement their meals by hunting and trapping. Meanwhile, Mary would spin wool and make cloth. The family spent most of their time in the kitchen because it was the warmest room in the house.
William H. Harrison was elected as the ninth President in 1840. In 1840 the U.S. has 2,816 miles of railroads compared to England's 1,331 miles.
John Tyler succeeds newly elected William H. Harrison to become the tenth President of the United States in 1841. The United States population reaches 17 million persons. This is only a small difference from Great Britain's 18.5 million persons. The fifth child of Benjamin and Mary Mulford was William Charles Mulford who was born on November 11th, 1842.
In 1843 Congress granted S.F.B. Morse $30,000 to build the first telegraph line between Washington and Baltimore and the U.S. became wired. Benjamin Mulford brought his parents to Indiana. Daniel Mulford, died in Dillsboro, Dearborn County, Indiana on October 11th, 1843, at the age of 65 years, 3 months and 16 days.
- (Research):Private during the war of 1812.
||7 Mar 2010 |
||Benjamin Mulford, b. 8 Jan 1752, , Essex, New Jersey , d. 9 May 1830, , Hamilton, Ohio |
||Anna Mulford, b. 23 Nov 1757, Elizabeth, Essex, New Jersey , d. 11 Jun 1783 |
||, , New Jersey
||Mary Constance Jelly, b. 10 Jul 1780, Pittsburgh, Allegheny, Pennsylvania , d. 9 Sep 1858, Sycamore, Hamilton, Ohio |
||8 May 1800
||Marietta, Washington, Ohio [5, 6]
| ||1. Elizabeth Mulford, b. 20 Mar 1801, , , Ohio , d. 11 Dec 1801, , , Ohio |
|>||2. Benjamin Mulford, b. 17 Aug 1802, Clermont, Clermont, Ohio , d. 28 Feb 1883, Sparta, Dearborn, Indiana |
|>||3. Anna Mulford, b. 26 Oct 1804, , , Ohio , d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||4. Hugh Jelly Mulford, b. 24 Dec 1806, , , Ohio , d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||5. Daniel W. Mulford, b. 9 Aug 1808, , Hamilton, Ohio , d. 26 Feb 1888, , Mason, Illinios |
|>||6. Phoebe Mulford, b. 7 Feb 1810, , , Ohio , d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||7. Irenah Mulford, b. 9 Sep 1811, , , Ohio , d. 25 Jul 1834, , Hamilton, Ohio |
|>||8. James Findley Mulford, b. 28 Jun 1813, , , Ohio , d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||9. Mary A. Mulford, b. 8 May 1815, , , Ohio , d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||10. Abraham Mulford, b. 10 Jan 1817, , , Ohio , d. 3 Feb 1817, , , Ohio |
| ||11. Isaac Mulford, b. 10 Jan 1817, , , Ohio , d. 30 Jan 1817, , , Ohio |
| ||12. Jacob Mulford, b. 10 Jan 1817, , , Ohio , d. 26 Jan 1817, , , Ohio |
| ||13. Son Mulford, b. 12 Mar 1821, , , Ohio , d. 12 Mar 1821, , , Ohio |
| ||14. Son Mulford, b. 5 Apr 1822, , , Ohio , d. 5 Apr 1822, , , Ohio |
| ||15. Daughter Mulford, b. 10 Apr 1823, , , Ohio , d. 10 Apr 1823, , , Ohio |
|>||16. Oliver Spencer Mulford, b. 22 Jul 1828, Dillsboro, Dearborn, Indiana , d. 28 Apr 1888, Dillsboro, Dearborn, Indiana |
| ||17. Lavinia Mulford, b. 20 Aug 1824, , , Ohio , d. 6 Jul 1825, , , Ohio |
||21 Feb 2005 |
|Born - 25 Jun 1778 - Elizabethtown, Union, New Jersey
|Married - 8 May 1800 - Marietta, Washington, Ohio
|Census - 1840 - Sparta, Dearborn, Indiana
|Buried - Oct 1843 - South Sparta Church Cemetery, Moores Hill, Dearborn, Indiana
|Died - 11 Oct 1843 - Dillsboro, Dearborn, Indiana
|Census - 1850 - Sycamore, Hamilton, Ohio
|| : Address
: Not Set
- [S884] Mulford Family Bibles - Wahlbom, Jeannette Mulford. Wahlbom - owner, (First entry was in 1752. Entries transcribed by Jeannette Mulford Wahlbom. Copy in possession of Lee Drew), Daniel Mulford - Born Jun 25, 1778 to Benjamin and Anne Mulford (Reliability: 4).
- [S800] Ohio, Hamilton, Sycamore - 1850 - Federal Census, Ohio, Hamilton, Sycamore, (www.ancestry.com).
- [S889] Indiana, Dearborn, Sparta - 1840 - Federal Census, Indiana, Dearborn, Sparta, (www.ancestry.com), Daniel Mulford, aged 60 - 70 (Reliability: 3).
- [S884] Mulford Family Bibles - Wahlbom, Jeannette Mulford. Wahlbom - owner, (First entry was in 1752. Entries transcribed by Jeannette Mulford Wahlbom. Copy in possession of Lee Drew), Daniel Mulford, son of Benjamin and Anna Mulford, died October 11, 1843 aged 65 years, 3 months and 15 days (Reliability: 3).
- [S884] Mulford Family Bibles - Wahlbom, Jeannette Mulford. Wahlbom - owner, (First entry was in 1752. Entries transcribed by Jeannette Mulford Wahlbom. Copy in possession of Lee Drew), Daniel Mulford and Mary Jelly were married on May 8th 1800 (Reliability: 3).
- [S746] Ohio Vital Records - 1750 - 1880s - FTM, Family Tree Maker - Broderbund, (Cambridge, Massachusetts : The Learning Company - Broderbund, 2000).