1588 - 1666
||Timothy Hatherly |
||Southwark, Surrey, England 
||29 Sep 1588
||Winkleigh, Devonshire, England [1, 2]
||from Devonshire, England arrving in Barnstable on the ship, 'Charles' on 5 Jun 1632.  |
||24 Oct 1666
||Scituate, Plymouth, Massachusetts 
- TIMOTHY HATHERLY
ORIGIN: St. Olave, Southwark, Surrey
FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth
RETURN TRIPS: Returned to England soon after arrival in 1623, then made annual trips to New England in 1631, 1632, 1633 and 1634, settling permanently in New England in 1634
OCCUPATION: Feltmaker (in England). Merchant.
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: "Mr. Hetherly and his wife" joined Scituate church on 11 January 1634/5 as members #15 and #16 [NEHGR 9:279]. After Rev. John Lothrop left Scituate and took his church with him, Hatherly was the leader of that faction in Scituate that invited Charles Chauncy to be their minister, in opposition to the faction headed by WILLIAM VASSALL, which invited William Wetherell [GMN 5:12-13].
FREEMAN: 5 January 1635/6 [PCR 1:4]. In Plymouth list of 7 March 1636/7 (designated "gen[erosus]") [PCR 1:52]. In 1639 list of Plymouth colony freemen, both as an Assistant and at the head of the Scituate section [PCR 8:173, 175]. In Scituate section of 1658 list of Plymouth freemen [PCR 8:198]. (Morison states incorrectly that Hatherly, on his trip to New England in 1632, became a freeman of Massachusetts Bay [Bradford 383].)
EDUCATION: Timothy Hatherly cosigned with James Sherley a letter dated 19 March 1629/30, but there is no way to tell how much he contributed to the composition of the document [Bradford 384-87]. His inventory included "a library of books" valued at œ4 7s. and "2 Bibles, 1 Testament and a small book" valued at œ1 4s.
OFFICES: Plymouth Colony Assistant, 1636-1637, 1639-58 [MA Civil List 37-38]. Treasurer, 1640 [MA Civil List 36]. Commissioner of the United Colonies, 1646, 1651 [MA Civil List 28].
Committee to "lay out the most convenientest way from Plymouth to Scittuate," 6 June 1654 [PCR 3:5]. Committee to resolve dispute over church rate at Rehoboth, 8 June 1655 [PCR 3:81]. Committee on the Kennebec trade, 5 March 1655/6 [PCR 3:96]. Committee to revise colony laws, 3 June 1657 [PCR 3:117]. Appointed to "administer marriage at Scittuate as occasion shall require," grant warrants and administer oaths, 2 October 1658, 7 June 1659, 13 June 1660, 10 June 1662, 1 June 1663 [PCR 3:152, 166, 192, 4:22, 43].
On 3 June 1652 the court "ordered Mr. Hatherley that he take course that the military company of Scittuate do train according to order this year, and that he see that some fit persons be joined with the constables of Scittuate, to take view of their ammunition, and to see that they have powder and shot according to order" [PCR 3:11]. Council of war, 6 April 1653, 12 May 1653, 1 June 1658 [PCR 3:26, 28, 138].
ESTATE: "Mr. Hatherlie's two men" were assessed 18s. in the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633, and in the list of 27 March 1634 they were entered, but no assessment was included [PCR 1:10, 27].
On 25 March 1633 "Tymothy Hatherly, merchant of London," sold Edward Holman and John Barnes, both of Plymouth, one heifer apiece, each valued at œ13 [PCR 1:8, 9].
On 1 July 1633 it was ordered that "the whole tract of land between the brook at Scituate, on the norwest side, and Conahasset be left undisposed of till we know the resolution of Mr. James Sherley, Mr. John Beauchamp, Mr. Rich[ard] Andrews, & Mr. Tymothy Hatherly, as also that portion of land lately made choice of by Mr. Hatherly aforesaid" [PCR 1:13].
Reverend John Lothrop listed "Mr. Hatherlye's" house first among the nine that were already built when Lothrop arrived at Scituate "about [the] end of September 1634" [NEHGR 10:42].
On 1 November 1640 "John Lothrope, Pastor of the Church of Barnestable," sold to "Tymothy Hatherley of Scituate, gentleman," one dwelling house with barn and outhouses, uplands, marsh ground," a quarter of a mile eastward from Scituate, "the marsh ground containing twenty acres more or less, part whereof is an island" [PCR 12:66-67]. On 23 November 1639 "Tymothy Hatherley of the Plantation of Scituate ..., gentleman," sold to Christopher Blakewood of Scituate, planter, that property just purchased from Lothrop [PCR 12:67-68]. On 22 January 1640[/1] "Tymothy Hatherley, planter," of Scituate, sold to Thomas Ensigne, planter, of Scituate, land called "First Cliff" being eighteen acres of upland and twenty acres of marsh; this deed was signed by "Tymothy Hatherley and Susan Hatherly" [PCR 12:70].
On 24 February 1640[/1?] "Tymothy Hatherley of Scituate" deeded to "Egline Hanford of Scituate" five acres of land in Scituate "given to the said Egline Hanford the 27th day of September" in the year 1634 [PCR 12:71-72]. On 1 December 1646 "Timothy Hatherly of Seteaat in the government of New Plymouth ... gentleman" being one of four associ~ates deeded land by Mr. William Bradford to the north of Scituate Brooke, known "by the Indians or natives by the name of Conahaset alias Cohaset," and being possessed of three of the four parts of this land, sold to Charles Chansy, pastor of the church of "Seteaat", and various other men, all of "Seteaat" [PCR 12:158-160]. In a retrospective deed dated 6 March 1650[/1?], "Mr. Timothy Hatherley" of Scituate, gentleman, stated that he had, in the year 1645, sold to Mr. John Floyde of Scituate, merchant, his house, barn, orchard and homelot in Scituate, with the marsh and upland and meadow, formerly the right of Samuell Hinckley, except twenty-four acres, which Hatherly sold in 1645 to Thomas Clapp of Scituate [PCR 12:204-05].
On 6 June 1654 in "regard of sundry contentions and entanglements betwixt Mr. Hatherly and some of the inhabitants of the town of Scittuate, the Court doth grant unto Mr. Hatherley, for to satisfy the partners at Conahassett, a certain competency of land out of the bounds of any particular township on the westerly side of the town of Scituate aforesaid" [PCR 3:52-53]. On 3 July 1656 there was "granted unto Mr. Timothy Hatherley a tract of land, to begin at Accord Pond, on the south side of the line, and to run three miles southerly towards the Indian Head Pond, and to be laid out three miles square" [PCR 3:103-04, 165, 4:31, 46, 99].
(Additional land transactions, many of them of a speculative nature, are recorded in the Plymouth Colony land records [PCLR 2:1:49, 65, 121, 157, 2:2:2, 4; 3:11, 35, 92-97, 102-05, 305-06].)
In his will, dated 20 December 1664 and proved 30 October 1666, Timothy Hatherly bequeathed to "my wife Lydia Hatherly my house I now dwell in with the rest of the housing ... with all the land I die possessed of during her natural life," also "my silver plate with all my pewter and brass that I do not otherwise dispose of by will," also "what moveables soever are in my parlor and parlor chamber ..., also all my linen ..., [also] my gray mare two cows and two oxen and my cart with all my wearing clothes"; to "Edward Jenkens his wife and children œ12"; to "Nicholas Wade his wife and children œ12 ... also one great brass kettle"; to "Sussanna the wife of Willam Brookes and her children œ12 and acquit her of her first husband's debt to me, as also one copper kettle with three ears"; to "Timothy Foster œ5 and to Elizabeth Foster œ3"; to "Mr. Thomas Hanford" œ10; to "Fear Robinson now the wife of Samuell Baker 40s. and to the other three children of Isacke Robinson John Isacke and Mercye" 40s. each; to "Lydia Garrett my wife's daughter three acres of land part of which her house stands on ... and œ5 ... and likewise acquit all former accounts and reckonings between she and I from the beginning of the world to this day"; "to the four children of the said Lydia Garrett" 40s. at age twenty-one; to "Gorge Sutton his wife and children œ5"; to "the wife of Will[i]am Bassett my wife's daughter œ5"; to "the widow Preble my wife's daughter 50s."; to "Lydia Lapham an heifer worth 50s. or 50s. in goods"; to "Thomas Lapham 30s."; to "Stephen Tilden œ5 to be paid when his service is expired"; to "Lydia Hatch the daughter of William Hatch" œ8 at age twenty-one or marriage; residue to "my trusty and well-beloved friend Joseph Tildin" executor [MD 16:158-160, citing PCPR 2:2:34].
Joseph Tilden, refusing to be executor of the estate of Timothy Hatherly, was on 31 October 1666 appointed to be adminstrator of the estate [PCR 4:138], and letters of administration were granted on 5 June 1667 [PCR 4:155].
The inventory of the personal estate of Timothy Hatherly was taken 9 November 1666 and totalled œ224 12s. 8d., with no real estate included [MD 16:163, citing PCPR 2:2:38-40].
BIRTH: Baptized Winkleigh, Devonshire, 29 September 1588, son of Robert and Ellinor (_____) Hatherly [M&JCH 18:74; see also Stevens-Miller Anc 490].
DEATH: Scituate 24 October 1666 (as "Mr. Thmothy [sic] Hatherlee").
MARRIAGE: (1) St. Olave, Southwark, Surrey, 26 December 1614 Alice Collard [English Homes 146]; she died by 1634.
(2) By 11 January 1634/5 Susan _____ [NEHGR 9:279]. She died after 22 January 1640[/1] and perhaps after 3 March 1640[/1], when she joined Timothy in a deed, but we are not told specifically if she acknowledged it or not [PCR 12:70].
(3) After 1641 Lydia (_____) Tilden, widow of Nathaniel Tilden; she was living in 1670 [Joseph Neal Anc 55-59].
With first wife
i NATHANIEL, bp. St. Olave, Southwark, 16 July 1618 [English Homes 146]; no further record.
ASSOCIATIONS: Lothrop's church record states that "Egglin Handford, Mr. Hatherley's sister, joined November 21, 1635." She was Eglin (Hatherly) (Downe) Hanford, baptized at Winkleigh, Devonshire, on 8 June 1586 [M&JCH 18:74] and called "Eylin Hanver" in the will of their mother in 1637 [Stevens-Miller Anc 490; NEHGR 52:76]. As the widow of Jeffrey Hanford of Alverdiscott, Devonshire, she came, aged forty-six, with her daughters, Margaret and Elizabeth on the Planter, arriving in Boston in June 1635 [Hotten 56]. She had in all four daughters and a son, all of whom came to New England: Susanna, who m. (1) JOHN WHISTON and (2) William Brooks; Lettice, who m. (1) EDWARD FOSTER and (2) Edward Jenkins; Margaret, who m. ISAAC ROBINSON; Elizabeth, who m. Nicholas Wade; and Thomas, who m. (1) Hannah Newberry and (2) Mary (Miles) Ince [Stevens-Miller Anc 485-89].
Hatherly's servant, Ephraim Tinkham, who likely accompanied him in the Charles 5 June 1632, is believed to have been the one baptized at Barnstable, Devonshire, on 23 February 1617/8 [PCR 1:31; MQ 60:222-24].
COMMENTS: In the reorganization of Plymouth Colony's financial affairs in 1627, Timothy Hatherly became one of the four London Associates, and in the years ensuing figures frequently in colony business [Bradford passim]. Before coming over in 1634 to reside permanently at Scituate, Hatherly withdrew from this position, although he acted as agent for the other three associates in acquiring a grant of land near the Massachusetts Bay line [Bradford 252, 304].
Timothy Hatherly is described as of the parish of St. Olave, Southwark, feltmaker, in an indenture dated 20 April 1629 with John Irish [SJC #3597].
While in England between 1623 and 1631 Hatherly was one of the group of merchants who looked over, and frequently worsened, the business affairs of the planters at Plymouth. Then in 1631 he began a pattern, which lasted for four years, of coming to New England early in the year, and then returning to England after a few weeks or months. He is called merchant, and was initially more interested in trade than in settlement, but soon he began to make preparations to stay in New England permanently.
Hatherly came to New England in 1631 on the Friendship, landing at Boston on 14 July 1631, carrying letters for Governor Winthrop [WJ 1:70; WP 3:27, 32; Bradford 227-233 (Bradford places the arrival of this ship in 1630, but his chronology for 1630 and 1631 is muddled, and most of the events placed by him in 1630 actually took place in 1631)]. Hatherly made a voyage downeast to look into his fishing affairs, and then in the fall returned to England [Bradford 231-33].
Winthrop reports on 5 June 1632 the arrival at Boston of the Charles of Barnstaple, with "Mr. Hatherly, the merchant," aboard [WJ 1:94], and Bradford tells us under 1632 that "Mr. Hatherly came over again this year, but upon his own occasions, and began to make preparation to plant and dwell in the country" [Bradford 252].
Hatherly cannot have stayed for long in New England in 1632, for we find that he was in England in December of that year [WP 3:104] and on 22 February 1632/3 he arrived again at Plymouth on the William [WJ 1:119; WP 3:93, 98-99, 116 ("These letters [received] per the ship Mr. Trevore master, Mr. Hatherly, merchant, arrived at New-Plymouth")]. He apparently returned again to England quite soon, for on 6 August 1633 Francis Kirby, writing from London, stated that "We expect Mr. Hatherly per the next West Country ship, and by him I hope to receive letters" [WP 3:135]. The implication is that Hatherly was already in England, at some West Country port, and was expected momentarily in London.
There is no record of Hatherly's return to New England in 1634, but he first appears again on the Plymouth record on 1 July 1634 as a plaintiff in a civil suit, and again on 23 July 1634 when he turned over to John Winslow his servant Ephraim Tinkham [PCR 1:30, 31]. He now became a permanent resident of the colony; on 11 January 1634/5 Hatherly joined the church at Scituate [NEHGR 9:279] and on 5 January 1635/6 he was made a freeman of Plymouth Colony and was elected Assistant [PCR 1:36].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Mary Lovering Holman published in 1948 a brief account of the Hatherly family and of the affiliated Hanford family [Stevens-Miller Anc 485-91]. This summary included an abstract of the will of the immigrant.
A lengthy biographical sketch of Hatherly was published in 1929 by Harvey Hunter Pratt [The Early Planters of Scituate (Scituate 1929), pp. 284-305]. 
||5 Aug 2005 |
||Robert Hatherly, b. Abt 1552, , Devonshire, England , d. Yes, date unknown |
||Ellinor Tanner, b. Abt 1556, , , England , d. Yes, date unknown |
||, Devonshire, England
||Alice Collard, b. , , England , d. Abt 1634, Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts |
||, , England
||15 Sep 2006 |
||Mrs. Susan Hatherly, d. Yes, date unknown |
||Bef 11 Jan 1635
||Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts 
||15 Sep 2006 |
- [S7707] Great Migration Begins, Robert Charles Anderson, (Boston : New England Historic Genealogical Society, c1995), CD containing all volumes..
- [S7709] Search for the passengers of the Mary & John, 1630, Burton W. Spear, (Toledo, Ohio : B.W. Spear, c1985-), 18: 74 (Reliability: 3).